Dr. Anthony R. Curreri, 69, a surgeon and cancer specialist who was the first president of the Uniformed Services University of the Health Sciences here, died of a heart attack Thursday in Madison, Wis.

He had returned to the University of Wisconsin Medical School in Madison in 1976 as the Evan P. Halfaer professor of surgery after two years as president of the Uniformed Services University.

The military medical school in Bethesda was established to train doctors and allied health professionals for the Army, Navy and Air Force.

Dr. Curreri was appointed to the university's board of regents in 1973 and became its president in 1974. It was his job to bring together a faculty, develop a curriculum and work out a plan for admission of students. He left shortly after the charter class of medical students was admitted in the fall of 1976.

Dr. Curreri was born in New York City. He was a graduate of the University of Wisconsin, where he also received a medical degree. He became an instructor in surgery there in 1939 and advanced to professor in 1953.

He had served as a consultant to the U. S. Public Health Service, the Department of Defense, the Veterans Administration, the U.S. Army Medical Department, the Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, the American College of Surgeons and the American Cancer Society.

He was a visiting professor at 16 medical schools throughout the country, a member of 26 scientific organizations and the author of many articles in professional journals.

He is survived by his wife, the former Dorothy Huebsch, of the home in Madison, three children, Peter William, of New York City, Cynthia C. Brady, of Seattle, and Joanne Falcon, of Milwaukee; his mother, Marie Curreri, of New York; two brothers, two sisters and nine grandchildren. CAPTION: Picture, DR. ANTHONY R. CURRERI