Meta Redden Young, 81, a retired Baltimore teacher and a Washington resident for 38 years, died Sunday at her Washington home. She had been suffering from an edema of the leg.

For nearly 40 years, Mrs. Young taught history and was head of the history department at Frederick Douglass Senior High School in Baltimore. She also was a part-time supervisor of history for Baltimore public schools before her retirement in 1962.

In about 1927, Mrs. Young was instrumental in helping the high school attain its first accreditation. A few years later, she helped the school set up its own chapter of the National Honorary Society.

Mrs. Young was born in Baltimore and graduated from Frederick Douglass High School. She attended Howard University in Washington and Columbia University in New York City and later earned a law degree from Howard University.

She moved to Washington after marrying Washington attorney J. Clarence Young in 1941.

Mrs. Young was active in the Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church and a member of the St. Cecilia Guild and the Daughters of the King.She was active in the Du Bois Circle literary club, on the board of directors of the Phyllis Wheatly Y.W.C.A. and the Saturday Evening Club.

Besides her husband, of the home, survivors include a daughter, Letitia Young Woodson, Berkeley, Calif., and one grandson.