The Metropolitan Washington Board of Trade said yesterday that it has located 54,335 summer jobs for teen-agers in the Washington area this year. But the board's claim was disputed by officials of area summer jobs programs.

Oliver T. Carr, president of the Board of Trade, said the organization had found 15 percent more jobs for teen-agers this year than last year, the highest number of jobs that any business organization in the nation has catalogued for youths.

But in the District and Fairfax, Arlington, Prince George's and Montgomery counties and alexandria, summer jobs officials said the board's statistics are far out of line with the actual number of job referrals received from the board.

"I'd sure like to see those jobs," said Bill Pritchett, employe service representative for the Alexandria office of the Virginia Employment Commission.

The Board of Trade said that it had given Alexandria and Arlington and Fairfax counties 18,922 jobs but the employment commission's records show the board provided only 1,400 job referrals, and only 287 teen-agers have actually been hired for then.

"Their [the Board of Trade's] figures kind of scare me," said Pritchett. "We've got kids in here standing wall to wall looking for jobs. The figures they are quoting don't agree with anything near the number of jobs we've had from them."

Durwood Settles, deputy director of the board's Summer Jobs for Youth program, said the board's figures on jobs they have available to teen-agers differ from local officials' estimates because some of the latter keen records differently. Settles said some local agencies count only the number of jobs that are filled by teen-agers after being located by the Board of Trade. He said the board counts all jobs located.

And Settles said in some cases the local summer jobs programs were not able to contract employers who has promised the Board of Trade jobs before the employer gave the job to a person who walked in an applied for work.

Settles said the board's count includes jobs that employers promised to teen-agers who worked for them last summer, and jobs that employers give to teen-agers who work parttime for them druing the school year.

In Prince George's County, Alan Machtinger, a planning officer for the County Personnel office, said the Board of Trade had referred between 400 and 500 summer jobs for teens. He said 25 percent of those jobs are year-round jobs for which employers are seeking full-time persons, not teenaged summer employes. The board claims to have found 12,555 jobs for P.G. teens, including 2.654 that employers were opening for the first time this summer.

In the District the Board of Trade reported that they gave the city government 2,906 summer jobs for teens. But Matthew Shannon, acting director of the D.C. Department of Labor, said yesterday the city has been able to place teen-agers in fewer than 1,000 of these jobs.