Charles L. Campbell, 60, a retired English professor who for 26 years served as judge of the Washington Daily News spelling bee, died Monday at Providence Hospital after a heart attack.

Mr. Campbell began teaching English at Howard University in about 1946. He became an assistant professor of English at the old D.C. Teacher's College in 1960, now a part of the University of the District of Columbia, and later became chairman of UDC's English department, from which he retired last year. While at the university, Mr. Campbell initiated a course in Negro folklore.

From 1947 until 1973, he judged the old Washington Daily News spelling bees.

He was born in Milwood, Va., and grew up in Washington. He earned bachelor's and master's degrees in English from Howard University and did further postgraduate work at the University of Minnesota.

Mr. Campbell was a member of the National Council of Teachers of English, the College Language Association and the Modern Language Association. He was a longtime member of St. Mary's Episcopal Church here.

During World War II, he served as a captain in the Army Quartermaster Corps in Europe and the Pacific theater.

Survivors include his wife, Maude, of the house in Washington; a daughter, Paula Berger, of Stuttgart, Germany; a son, Michael W., his mother, Gladys Campbell, a brother, George A., and a sister, Gladys Grimes, all of Washington, and two grandchildren. CAPTION: Picture, CHARLES L. CAMPBELL