Rowland A. Egger, 71, a retired university educator and an authority on public administration, died Monday at a hospital in Waynesboro, Va. He had heart and liver ailments.

Dr. Egger taught political science at the University of Virginia from 1931 to 1964, and was chairman of the Woodrow Wilson department of foreign affairs and of the department of political science. He also had served as acting dean of the faculty in 1962-63.

In 1964, he became professor of politics and public affairs at the Woodrow Wilson School of Public and International Affairs at Princeton University, a position he held until 1972. He then taught at Southern Methodist University in Texas until retiring in 1977. Since then he had lived in Charlottesville.

Dr. Egger had been a consultant to the White House and various government agencies beginning with the Roosevelt administration in 1938, when he was named a consultant to the Commission on Organization of the Executive Branch. He had served as budget director of the Commonwealth of Virginia During 1939-42.

He had been an administrative and financial adviser to Bolivia in the 1940s, administrative adviser to the prime minister of Pakistan in 1953, and a special representative of President Kennedy to Bolivia in 1961.

A native of Denison, Tex., he graduate from Southwestern University, received a master's degree from Southern Methodist University and earned a doctorate from the University of Michigan.

Dr. Egger had been a member of the board of the International Institute of Administrative Sciences and editor of its journal. He was author of numerous articles and books in the field of public administration. He was a member of the National Academy of Public Administration and the Cosmos Club.

He is survived by a stepson, Dr. William MacIlwaine, of Waynesboro.