Harriett Benjamin Budd, 78, a retired public school teacher and principal in Montgomery County, died Saturday at the Bel Pre Health Care Center in Silver after a stroke. She had lived there for the last two years.

Mrs. Budd joined the Montgomery Country school system in 1921. During the 1930's she was principal of the Spencerville Elementary School.She had taught at the Smithville and Quince Orchard elementary schools and was a teacher at Longview Elementary School in Gaithersburg when she retired in 1963.

She was born in Cnattanooga, Tenn., and grew up in Pittsburgh. She was educated at Cheyney Normal School in Pennsylvania. Later, in the 1940's she earned a bachelor's degree from Howard University. She also took graduate work at Columbia, America and Catholic universities and the University of Pittsburgh.

Mrs. Budd had been a resident of Norwood, Md., from 1921 until moving to Washington in 1951. She was the window of Lawrence Otto Budd, a blacksmith who died in 1944.

She had been active in the Maryland State Teachers Association and the Mongtomery County Teachers Association

She is survived by two daughters, Doris Budd Baytop, of Kensington, and Virginia Budd Jones, of Washington; two sons, Daniel T.; of Washington, and David B.; of Fairfas; 16 grandchildren and five great-grand-children. CAPTION: Picture, HARRIETT B. BUDD, 1970 Photo