Dr. Rose C. Engelman, 60, a military historian, author and teacher and a specialist on medico-military history, died of cancer Sunday at her home in Silver Spring.

Dr. Engelman was chief historian of the Army Medical Department for 10 years before her retirement in 1976 for health reasons.

As supervisory historian of the Department's "Vietnam War History," she was a principal architect of this multi-volume history of the U.S. Medical Department in Vietnam and Southeast Asia.

She also was a coauthor of "The Defense of the Americas in World War II," "A decade of Medical Progress," and "Two Hundred Years of Military Medicine."

Before joining the Army Medical Department, Dr. Engelman worked in Detroit as command historian for the Army Tank Automotive Command and the Army Mobility Command and for the Army's Test and Evaluation Command in Aberdeen, Md.

She was born in Engelwood, N.J. She earned a bachelor's and a master's degree from the University of Rochester and a doctorate in history from Cornell University. She was on the faculty at Hunter College before joining the government.

Dr. Engelman was a member of the American Historical Association, the Organization of American Historians, the American Military Institute and the American Association for the History of Medicine.

She also was a Friend of the Kennedy Center.

There are no immediate survivors.

It is suggested that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the American Cancer Society.