Christopher Hilary, 52, whose paintings have been exhibited in his native Poland, Western Europe and this country, died Sunday at Fairfax Hospital after a heart attack.

He had been a resident of Falls Church since 1976, coming here from Munich, Germany. He painted in a studio at his home.

Mr. Hilary worked mainly in oils, in what he described as "a form between symbolism and surrealism." He also produced prints and three-dimensional work.

Beginning in 1968, he had 13 one-man shows in the Netherlands, West Germany, Switzerland, New Jersey, Massachusetts, and most recently, at the Franz Bader Gallery in Washington. He also had works in group shows.

His works are displayed in the National Museum in Warsaw and museums in Koszalin and Katowice, Poland. Some are included in private collections in Poland, the Netherlands, England, France, West Germany, Czechoslovakia, and the United States.

Mr. Hilary was born in Szopienice, Poland, and attended the School of Fine Arts in Warsaw. He was an art editor of two major Polish periodicals from 1951 to 1969, working for them from Munich during the last year.

While in Poland, he had done thealic buildings and had designed furniture and interiors.

He is survived by his wife, Krystyna, of the home in Falls Church, and a brother, Tadeusz, of Poland.