Sarah Gouldman McAllister, 83, who taught junior high school and piano in this area and also was active in the Laubach Literacy Fund's volunteer program, died of arteriosclerosis Thursday at the home of a daughter, Elizabeth M. Tuel, in Gaithersburg.

Mrs. McAllister was born in Fredericksburg, Va., and earned a bachelor's degree in education from Mary Washington College there in 1915.

Before coming to Washington in 1919, she taught junior high school in Orange, Va. She also was a piano teacher in Washington and a volunteer English teacher for the Laubach Literacy Fund's school in Washington for many years.

Her husband, retired, D. C. police captain Basil F. McAllister, died in 1952.

Mrs. McAllister was a member of St. Anthonys Catholic Church in Washington and its Sodality.

Besides Mrs. Tuel, survivors include two other daughters, Margaret G. Richards, of Wheaton, and Rita J. Boothby, of Phoenix, a son, Edward B., of Bethesda; a sister, Margaret G. Schroen, of Naperville, Ill., 18 grandchildren and seven great-grandchildren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Little Sisters of the Poor, D. C. Building Fund, P.O. Box 9318, Baltimore, Md., 21228.