Penrose B. Jackson, 57, a program evaluation specialist at the U.s. Office of Education, died at Fairfax Hospital Oct. 17 of arteriosclerosis.

Mr. Jackson was born in San Angelo, Texas. He was educated at Park College in Parkville, Mo., and the University of Wisconsin, where he earned a master's degree in political science. He did further graduate work at the University of Texas.

From 1953 to 1960, Mr. Jackson was a member of the faculty of Florida State University in Tallahassee. He then moved to the Washington area and joined the Office of Education, where he was a senior staff member working on the planning and evaluation of federal programs to aid education in states and localities.

Mr. Jackson served in the old Army Air Corps during World War II and in the Air Force during the Korean conflict.

He was a member of the American Political Science Association and the American Society for Public Administration.

In private life, he was active in the Parent-Teacher Associations of Walter Reed Elementary, Swanson Junior High and Yorktown High Schools, all in Arlington. He also was a member of Arlingtonians for a Better County.

Survivors include his wife. Betty, of the home in Arlington, and two daughters, Penny and Gail, also of the home.