Women and minorities have gotten over half of all promotions in the U.S. government since the Carter administration began urging federal agencies to give "special emphasis" to recruiting, training and upgrading women, blacks and Hispanics.

Federal statistics for the 12-month period between mid-1977 and mid-1978 show that 54.3 percent of the 404,930 federal job promotions went to women, and minority group members. White women were the biggest gainers, getting slightly more than three of every 10 federal job promotions.

Both groups -- women and minorities (including minority women) -- made their biggest job gains in mid-level employment. Both groups, however, are still greatly outnumbered by white males in the middle and upper pay brackets of the civil service.

The number of women, blacks and Hispanics in government (women are counted twice, as minorities and as women) is increasing twice as fast as the white male worker population. As of last November (most current data available from the Office of Personnel Management) "minority employment" hit 531,988. That was 22 percent of the full-time federal work force. The number of women employes, both minority and white, totaled 752,766, or 31 percent of the full-time federal work force.

Other items from the federal ethnic, sex head count show:

About half of all minority group members in government work in white collar jobs.

Four-fifths of all women work in white collar federal jobs.

One of every 10 promotions during the 1977-78 period went to minority women. Minority women include blacks, Hispanics and Orientals as well as American Indians.

One of every 10 promotions went to minority men.

Slightly more than three of every 10 promotions went to non-minority (white) women.

Slightly less than half of all promotions went to white males.