Federal and state and municipal goverment offices in the Washington area will be closed New Year's Day. All Virginia state government offices also will be closed Dec. 31.

Maryland state offices and the government offices of the District of Columbia, Montgomery, Prince George's, Arlington and Fairfax countries, and those in the city of Alexandria will be open Dec. 31.

Post offices also will be open New Year's Eve but closed New Year's Day.

Most area banks will be open Dec. 31 and closed New Year's Day. Metro trains and buses will operate on regular schedule New Year's Eve and a Sunday schedule New Year's Day.

Rush hour traffic restrictions will be in effect in the District Dec. 31, including reversible street patterns, bus lanes and rush hour turning, standing and parking prohibitions.

The trash collection schedule will vary in each jurisdiction. Alexandria is the only local jurisdiction that will have normal trash collections New Year's Day. In the District, usual Tuesday collections will be on Wednesday; in Montgomery and Prince George's counties, Tuesday's collection on next regular day; and in Fairfax County, Tuesday's collection will be made Monday, one day early.

Liquor stores in Virginia will be open until 6 p.m. New Year's Eve, while regualr hours will be observed in the District and Maryland.

All area schools are closed until Jan. 2.

The museums of the Smithsonian Institution will be open New Year's Day from 10 a.m. to 5:30 p.m. The National Gallery of Art will be closed.