Charles A. Henderson, 67, who retired in 1972 as chief of the National Archives field operations and records service, died of cancer Monday, at his home in Alexandria.

Mr. Henderson joined the government as a civilian employe at the Navy Records Center in New York City in 1948. He worked there until going to St. Louis in 1955 as director of the Navy's National Civilan Personnel Center.

He came to Washington and joined the General Services Administration, of which the Archives is a part, in 1956. His projects here included the Kennedy and Hoover libraries and the design of storage facilities at the Truman Library in Independence, Mo.

He served aboard destroyers in the Atlantic during World War II and was a crew member in the escort carrier group that captured the German submarine U-505, the only one ever captured during the war.

Mr. Henderson was a native of Philadelphia and had been a resident of Alexandria since 1956. He was a member of the Federal Fire Council.

Survivors include his wife, Julia M., of Alexandria; three sons, Charles II, of Port Washington, N.Y., Terrence F., of Chicago, and Marc P., of Alexandria; a daughter, Mary Joseph of St. Paul, Minn., and three grandchildren.