Charles E. Kellogg, 77, a retired Agriculture Department official who was an authority on soil sciences, died March 9 at Leland Memorial Hospital in Riverdale. He had cardiovascular disease.

Dr. Kellogg came to Washington and joined the Agriculture Department in 1934. A year later he was named chief of the old soil survey division in the department's Bureau of Chemistry and Soils. He retired in 1971 as deputy administrator of the Soil Conservation Service.

In addition to his work in this country, he helped direct soil survey studies on four continents. He was a vice president of the International Society of Soil Science from 1956 to 1960 and was secretary of the committee on agriculture at the organizing conference of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, held in Quebec in 1945.

He was chairman of a United States mission on soil and water use to the Soviet Union in 1958.

He was president of the Soil Science Society of America in 1941, a fellow of the American Society of Agronomy, and a fellow and former vice president of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. He belonged to the Cosmos Club.

Dr. Kellogg was a 1950 recipient of the Department of Agriculture's Distinguished Service Award and was an honorary member of both the Royal Society of New Zealand and the Indian Society of Soil Sciences.

In addition to numerous technical papers, he was the author of a number of books, including "The Soils That Support Us," which became a widely used textbook following its publication in 1941.

Dr. Kellogg was a native of Ionia County, Mich., and earned bachelor's and doctoral degrees in soil science at Michigan State University.

After spending two years with the Wisconsin Geological and Natural History Survey, he joined the faculty of North Dakota State University in Fargo in 1930. During his four years in North Dakota he developed a method of land classification that was the first to be used as a guide for county taxation of farm land.

He and his wife, Lucille J., who survives him, made their home in Hyattsville. Other survivors include a daughter, Mary Crecco of College Park; a son, Robert L., of Charlottesville and four grandchildren.