Olive Jean Neumann, 81, a retired nurse who was active in the Daughters of the American Revolution, died of arteriosclerosis March 17 at her home in Washington.

Mrs. Neumann was born in Wilmerding, Pa. She graduated from the Sewickley, Pa., Valley Hospital Nursing School in 1933 and became a registered nurse in Pennsylvania, Maryland and the District of Columbia.

She moved to the Washington-Baltimore area in 1950 and to Washington in 1956. She had been on the staff of the Washington Hospital Center and the Army Distaff Hall. She retired in 1969.

Mrs. Neumann was a member of the Potomac Chapter of the District of Columbia Daughters of the American Revolution. She was a past corresponding secretary of the chapter and had served it at the national headquarters of the DAR as a docent, in the Genealogical Library in the District of Columbia Project Room and as vice chairman of the Seimes Microfilm Library. She also had helped microfilm the District of Columbia census.

Mrs. Neumann attended the National Presbyterian Church in Washington. Her husband, Wencel Alexander Neumann, died about 1949.

Survivors include a son, Edward Neumann, of North Canton, Conn., a stepson, Joseph Neumann, of Riviera Beach, Fla., and two grandchildren.