Charging that educational standards are not tough enough, the D.C. Federation of Civic Associations endorsed the recommendation of D.C. Public Schools Superintendent Vincent E. Reed to increase course requirements for high school graduation.

Complaining of a lack of basic communicative skills among graduates, Palisades association delegate Simon L. Cain introduced the measure at a meeting of the 24 delegates last week. "Every other word is 'you know,'" he said, mocking the speech of high school graduates.

"Well, if I already know, then why am I being told?" he joked. "I think (increasing course requirements) is a step in the right direction."

The association approved the measure over one suggested to the Board of Education's Eudcation Operations Committee by John E. Warren, Board of Education, Ward L. Warren had called for an even greater increase in the academic requirements. He is asking the Board of Education for an increase from 17 1/2 to 22 1/2 units in the Carnegie quota, a nationally standardized credit system that measures successful course completion.

"We have gone too far in allowing student choices. We need to give them more guidance but not over-burden them," said Minnie Woodson, newly appointed chairman of the association's Education Committee, who represents the Northeast Boundary Association.

The association also voted to delay action on its longstanding opposition to Metro fare increases, pending receipt of further information.

"It is not realistic for us to wholeheartedly insist there should be no (fare) increase," said Arthur V. Meigs, vice president of the association. "We need to be more open as to the cause of the deficit."