Dr. Eleanor Whipple Peter, 97, a former Arlington resident who had been a medical missionary in China and worked on an Indian reservation, died of uremia Friday in her home in Port Republic, Md.

Dr. Peter was a native of Rockford, Ill., and a graduate of the University of Chicago. She graduated from the University of Chicago's Rush Medical School in 1911. She had married Dr. William Wesley Peter, also a medical doctor, earlier that year.

From 1911 to 1926 the Peters were in China as medical missionaries for the Council on Health Education. The council was sponsored by several churches and was active in anticholera and smallpox campaigns.

They lived in Shanghai, Peking and Nanking and traveled throughout China in their jobs as doctors and teachers.

After living in Boston and San Diego, Dr. Peter accompanied her husband to the Navaho Indian reservation at Window Rock, Ariz. There she assisted him from 1934 to 1942 during the years he was medical director of the 11 hospitals on the reservation.

After living in New Haven, Conn., the Peters moved to Arlington in the mid-1950s where they lived until retiring to Port Republic in 1950. Dr. William Wesley Peter died in 1959.

Dr. Eleanor Whipple Peter had been a member of the League of Women Voters in both Arlington and Calvert County. She was a member of the Calvert County Hospital board and had served two terms as president of its auxiliary. She was a member of Christ Church in Port Republic.

Survivors include three children, Jane Peter Coffin, of Port Republic, Dr. Hollis w. Peter of Brisbane, Australia, and Margaret Ashelman of Fairfield, Iowa ; nine grandchildren, and nine great-grandchildren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to either Christ Church in Port Republic, 20676, or the charity of one's choice.