Elwood Eugene Miller, a former government official and business executive who specialized in computerized information systems, died of acute respiratory failure Tuesday at Kent and Queen Anne Hospital in Chestertown, Md.

Mr. Miller was born in Freeport, N.Y., and grew up in Bennington, Vt. He attended the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and the University of Puerto Rico. In the late 1930s, he began his business career in New York City and became the managing editor of Aviation Week, a magazine published by the McGraw Hill company.

In 1944, he moved to the Washington area and joined the Office of Scientific Research and Development in the old War Department. There he worked on collecting and organizing information about aviation around the world. He later was chief of research information at the National Advisory Committee of Aeronautics. His last job in government was head of operations for the Armed Services Technical Information Agency.

In 1952, Mr. Miller resumed his career in private industry as executive vice president of Documentation Inc. a firm that used computers in information management systems. He became president of the company and remained in that position until 1962, when it was taken over by what is now the Reliance Group.

Since 1962, Mr. Miller had been a private investor and a director of several corporations. Until he moved to Chestertown five years ago, he also had a farm in Dickerson, Md. At the time of his death, he was chairman of the board of the REMAC Information Corp.

Survivors include his wife, Frances Denton Miller of Chestertown; two daughters, Frances McKenna Miller of Chestertown, and Valerie Denton Messent of Frederick, Md., and a son, Christopher Ross Miller of Gaithersburg.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Kent and Queen Anne County Rescue Squad, P.O. Box 264, Chestertown, Md.