Each of the five candidates seeking nomination for Congress in the GOP primary election Tuesday was asked the following questions:

Inflation: What specific measures, such as wage and price controls, would you support to cool down the economy and curb inflation?

Federal employes: Do you favor including federal employes in the Social Security system and what, if any, changes would you make in programs affecting government workers?

Abortion: Do you favor federal funding of abortions? Would you support a constitutional amendment banning abortions, except to save the life of the mother?

Iran: How would you favor dealing with the present Iranian situation?

Changes: Briefly, what are additional areas of interest, where you would support or sponsor legislative changes? 8th District Stanford E. Parris

Stanford E. Parris, 50, of 903 Bay Circle, Woodbridge, is an attorney. He was a member of the Fairfax Board of Supervisors from 1964 to 1967, a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1969 to 1972 and a member of Congress from 1972 to 1974. He also was director of the Virginia Federal Liaison Office from 1978 until April of this year.

Inflation: The inflationary spiral, must be broken by adopting a realistic balanced budget and holding increases in governmental spending to below the rate of inflation.

Federal employes: No. I believe federal employes have a right as a condition of their employment to continue to expect and to receive retirement benefits with existing cost-of-living adjustments.

Abortion: I am personally opposed to abortion and federal funding to perform abortion procedures. I am also opposed to the prohibition of all abortions because I believe there is a need to recognize and provide for exceptional cases of rape, incest and immediate danger to the life of the mother. I have therefore supported an amendment that would permit this issue to be determined at the state level.

Iran: If this question refers to the hostage situation, there is no realistic alternative at this time but to attempt to secure their release through diplomatic negotiation while applying the greatest possible economic and political sanctions.

Changes: Tax reduction, welfare reform and development of a comprehensive energy policy. Robert L. Thoburn

Robert L. Thoburn, 51, of 11121 Pope's Head Rd., Fairfax, is an educator and businessman. He was a delegate to the Virginia General Assembly from 1978 to 1980.

Inflation: The federal budget should be balanced. Taxes should be cut in order to encourage productivity. Our citizens should be encouraged to save more by reducing or elminating taxes on interest. Inflation can be curbed by stopping the huge arbitrary increases in the money supply.

Federal employes: I oppose putting federal employes under Social Security. The most important service I want to render to government workers is to protect their incomes from the ravages of inflation and to encourage the productivity of the private sector which makes those incomes possible.

Abortion; I do not favor federal funding of abortions. I support an amendment to the Constitution of the United States to protect the lives of the unborn.

Iran: I think Teddy Roosevelt's approach is still good. "Walk softly and carry a big stick." We must strengthen our military so that we can negotiate from strength, not weakness.

Changes: I support voluntary prayer in the public schools.I will support the Family Protection Act. I favor removal of unnecessary government regulations which are stifling our economic growth. 10th District Harold L. Miller

Harold L. (Hal) Miller, 50, of 117 W. Greenway Blvd., Falls Church, is a wholesale lumber broker. He has been mayor of Falls Church since 1974; he was elected to the Falls Church City Council in 1971.

Inflation: I support a federal budget that is balanced by reduced federal spending and a reduction in federal taxation. The root cause of inflation is excessive spending at the federal level.

Federal employes: I do not favor placing current federal employes under the Social Security system

Abortion: I do not favor federal funding for abortions. I do favor a constitutional amendment banning abortions, except to save the life of the mother.

Iran: I believe that the only recourse left today is strong economic sanctions against Iran and any country supporting Iran.

Changes: I will support legislation to eliminate the new Department of Education and the Department of Energy. Martin Perper

Martin Perper, 40, of 808 Leigh Mill Rd., Great Falls, is a businessman and a management consultant. He currently serves in the Virginia House of Delegates and is a member of Finance and Claims committees.

Inflation: I support tax incentives to promote savings, e.g. the first $3,000 of interest on savings accounts to be tax exempt. Cut government spending by selectively cutting programs which are not cost-efficient. Reduce our dependency on OPEC oil. These issues are the prime causes of inflation.

Federal employes: Federal employes should retain their own retirement system. They have one of the best systems in the country. Since private industry for the most part pays more, the retirement system gives added incentive to federal employes to remain with the government.

Abortion: I support funding of abortion in cases of rape, incest or danger to the life of the mother. I am "pro choice," believing the government should not place itself above the individual's rights. However, I do not believe in "carte blanche" funding.

Iran: I would favor a complete embargo of Iranian products and interdiction of Iran's ability to ship oil until such time as the hostages are released.

Changes: Taxes -- Inheritance taxes are terribly unfair to the surviving spouse, therefore, during the past session of the Virginia legislature, I co-sponsored the law which abolished inheritance taxes in Virginia. I will initiate the same legislation in Congress.

Energy -- DEPENDENCY ON OPEC oil is one of the leading causes of inflation. It should be reduced by making use of our 400-year coal supply. We must also immediately proceed with a crash program to develop synthetic fuel. Frank R. Wolf

Frank R. Wolf, 41, of Hunter Mill Road, Vienna, is an attorney. He formerly served as deputy assistant secretary of the Interior Department for congressional and legislative affairs.

Inflation: The only workable way to curb inflation is to change the attitude of the majority of the members of Congress in regard to their propensity to pass extravagant spending bills. When President Ford was faced with 12 percent inflation, he vetoed 66 bills (54 of them sustained), thus saving billions of dollars and cutting inflation to 4.8 percent. Our economy needs to be strengthened, not cooled down. I support tax cuts for individuals and businesses to increase the American purchasing power, productivity and jobs.

Federal employes: I am opposed to including federal employes in the Social Security system and support the continuation of the present federal retirement system. I am opposed to the Carter administration's proposal to eliminate the twice yearly cost-of-living adustment for retirees. I am concerned that the Carter administration's Civil Service reorganization will politicize the Civil Service system. The Carter adminstration tries to make the dedicated government employe the scapegoat for the administration's own shortcomings.

Abortion: How a society treats its unwanted, unborn, mentally retarded, handicapped, minorities and elderly is a measure of that society itself. I am opposed to federal funding of abortions and would suppport a constitutional amendment banning abortions except to save the life of the mother.

Iran: Not having access to the privileged information the president has, it is difficult to assess or second-guess the steps already taken. At the same time, the administration's seemingly fluctuating hardline-softline policies are confusing to many Americans and our allies. I regret that the rescue effort was not successful. I believe we should have been prepared to undertake it earlier.

Changes: We must strengthen our national defense so that we are not only equal to, but superior to the Soviets. We should strengthen NATO and demand that the allies help pay for it, take better care of military personnel, and retain qualified people in service.

In the area of energy, we must move toward self-sufficiency and greater conservation. It's intolerable that we have no comprehensive energy policy. Coal, in all its converted forms, has tremendous safe potential and must be used.

I also see a need for congressional reform. (Congressmen should live under the same laws and regulations they pass for the rest of us.) I favor limiting congressional terms of services to 12 years -- Congress should not be the final resting place for anyone.