Harry S. Kantor, 76, a retired economist with the Department of Labor who specialized in wage and hour legislation, died at Georgetown University Hospital on Wednesday following a stroke.

Mr. Kantor was born in Russia and came to the United States with his family in 1904. They settled in New York City and Mr. Kantor earned bachelor's and master's degrees in economics at Columbia University.

In 1926, he moved to Washington to work for the government. He was a research economist with the Department of Agriculture and other government agencies until 1938, when he joined the Labor Department.

One of his early assignments at Labor was to help prepare federal minimum wage legislation., He continued in this field for much of his career.

From 1955 to 1958, Mr. Kantor was assistant administrator in the wage and hour and public contracts division. In 1958, he helped organize the Office of Research and Development, which later was named the Office of Policy Evaluation and Research. Its purpose was to study the long-range economic and social impact of legislation concerning labor. Mr. Kantor was an analyst in these offices from 1958 until his retirement in 1969. He then was a consultant to the Office of the Secretary of Labor until 1972.

In 1952, Mr. Kantor received the Labor Department's Distinguished Service Award for his work in the development of minimum wage legislation in the Philippines while on loan to the Philippine government. He also was a member of the U.S. delegation that negotiated a trade agreement with the Philippines in 1954.

Mr. Kantor was the Labor Department representative on the National Inventor's Council from 1963 to 1965 and a consultant to the council following his retirement in 1969.

He was a member of the American Economic Association and the American Statistical Association.

Survivors include his wife, the former Anne Golden, of Silver Spring, where the family lives; one daughter, Freda Susan Ghozeil, of Anaheim, Calif.; two sons, Paul, of Cleveland, Ohio, and Fred, of New York City; a brother, Mark, of Margate, Fla.; three sisters, Sophie Gray and Betty Sedell, both of Brooklyn, N.Y., and Frances Graham, of Long Beach, N.Y., and four grandchildren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the United Jewish Appeal, or to the Class of 1924, Columbia University, N.Y., N.Y.