Dr. Albert Ross Hughes, 81, who had maintained a practice in urology and family medicine in Washington for the past 55 years, died of pneumonia Sunday at Howard Unversity Hospital.

Dr. Hughes was born in Boydton, Va., and reared in Washington. He graduated from the old M Street High School. He earned a bachelor's degree at Howard University before graduating from Howard's medical school in 1925.

He interned at the old Freedmen's Hospital. He taught urology at Howard University's medical school from the mid-1920s to mid-1940s.

During the World War II, he served as an aide to the District's rationing chief and also worked in the city's veneral disease clinic and transient bureau.

He was business manager of the Freedmen's Hospital Bulletin and served on the board of directors of Educational Outlook, a national black publication, during the 1930s.

Dr. Hughes was a member of the Medico-Chirurgical Society of the District of Columbia and the National Medical Association.

He had served on the board of the Washington Performing Arts Society and was a former vice president and board member of the D.C. Legal Aid Society. He also belonged to the Urban League.

He was a member of the Daniel Hall Williams Reading Club and was a member and past trustee of the 15th Street Presbyterian Church in Washington.

Survivors include his wife, the former Pearl Tate, of Washington, where Dr. Hughes lived.