Victor F. Lucht, 85, a retired civilian engineer in the research and development division of the Army's Office of the Chief of Ordnance, died Tuesday at a hospital in Richmond, Va., following a stroke.

A former resident of Arlington, he had moved to Petersburg, Va., early in 1979.

Shortly before his retirement in 1957, Mr. Lucht received an award for Sustained Superior Performance in connection with his work on aircraft guns. s

In 1944, he had been awarded the Emblem for Exceptional Civilian Service for his work in the field of aircraft armament. He had served as chief aircraft armament engineer in the Artillery Division's Cannon and Aircraft Armament Branch.

Mr. Lucht was born in Davenport, Iowa.He began his career with Army ordnance at the Rock Island Arsenal in Illinois in 1916. He served there and at the Aberdeen Proving Ground in Maryland before joining the Office of the chief of Ordnance here in 1937.

Mr. Lucht had attended Holy Trinity Catholic Church in Georgetown and, after moving to Arlington in 1950, Saint Agnes Catholic Church there. He was a member of the Edward Douglas White Council of the Knights of Columbus in Arlington.

He is survived by his wife, Josephine A., of Petersburg; a daughter, Marian T. Williams, also of Petersburg; two sons, James E. and Richard E., both of Arlington, six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.