All candidates for City Council were asked: Issue: What do you feel is the most important issue in the city (or your ward) and, if elected, how would you address it? Budget: What is the reason for the city's budget crisis? What would you do, if elected, to solve this crisis? Each candidate was asked one of the following questions: Accomplishment: What have been the most significant accomplishments of your current term in office and what would be your top priorities if re-elected? If Elected: Why do you believe the incumbent candidate should not be elected and what would you do differently if you are elected? At-Large Vote for One Ray Powell, (D), 55, of 4623 H St. SE is a private consultant. He has served as the president of the Urban Institute for Community Affairs, past president of the NAPCS Inc. and recipient of the "Citizen of the Year Award" by the Frontiers International, Inc. Issue: Housing is one area that I am sure we can all identify as the most important issue in the city. If elected, I will be courageous in addressing the need for governmental assistance to residents in purchasing rehabilitated houses at low-interest rates and affordable prices, implementing a stronger rent control, employing full use of Section 8 supplemental housing programs making available low-interest rate loans to tenants to buy their apartments when their buildings are sold or converted to condominiums, establishing a strong comprehensive housing policy to deal with the problem of housing on a broad and city-wide basis, not on a sporadtic and piecemeal basis. Budget: I would like to believe that the city's budget crisis is an oversight. Now that it is real, my solution would be to recommend to the government to initiate, immediately, a long-range financial and economic program that would include: trimming the fat, tightening the screws, cutting spending at least 10 percent in all agencies, streamling the bureaucracy, seeking from Congress more control over its own financial affairs as well as a larger federal payment annually and issuing long-term, low-interest municipal bonds over at least a 20 to 30-year period. If Elected: I believe the incumbent candidate, John Ray, should not be elected because he has not kept visible in the community serving the needs and problems of the people he represents. Voters are skeptical and often lose faith in elected officials, especially when they seclude themselves and come out only to seek votes to get reelected. I plan to make myself constantly visible throughout the eight wards working with the people I am elected to represent. First, I will appoint an eight-member advisory board, one member from each ward, to keep me informed of the needs and problems in the ward. I will cooperate with church, civic and community organizations and ask them for recommendations to fill this board. I believe that working together for a common cause will make our community a better place in which to live, work and play. John Ray, (D), 37, of 1350 E St. NE is an incumbent council member at-large. He has been an attorney in the U.S. Dept. of Justice; counsel with the U.S. Senate Antitrust and Monopoly Subcommittee, and law clerk with the U.S. Court of Appeals for the D.C. Circuit. Issue: There is no single most important issue. But if one is confined to making a single statement on what is most important for our city, I would describe it as efficient, effective government with a set of priorities and a vision of the direction in which it wants to go. The priorities should be job training, unemployment, housing, quality public schools, reduction in welfare rolls, economic development and controlled government spending. Our success in any one of these areas will determine our success in the other. We can create thousands of jobs. But if our citizens are not trained to perform those jobs, we will not reduce unemployment. We can talk about housing. But if families are not employed and able to maintain their households that housing will deteriorate. More families will end up in the welfare lines and government spending will increase. Without a quality school system, a city cannot provide the business community or government with an adequate work force. We have to establish a long-range plan to deal with these problem areas, a thorough plan, but one flexible enough to adapt to needed changes. The plan must be long range because these problems cannot be solved overnight. Budget: The major reason for the city's budget crisis is simply that over the years we have spent more than we have collected in revenues. The overspending is a result of several factors which include waste, inefficiency in tax collection and, since 1968, a declining tax base, coupled with increased social costs. Finally, the federal government has been a contributing factor because part of the cumulative deficit was created before home rule, and the federal government is yet to pay its fair share for the services it received from the city. The first step in solving the city's crisis is to stop overspending in every agency immediately, and to establish a long-range plan to deal with the cumulative deficit. The mayor has presented a plan, and while I do not agree with every aspect of it, I will, and all other elected officials and our citizens should, rally behind him to give this plan a chance. Of course, we must also have a plan for reducing our city work force, which is much too high, and for reducing waste. In summary, I will work to help the mayor implement his plan, and I will work to create priorities in government. Accomplishments: My most significant accomplishments during the 19 month that I have served on the council have been to co-author and help enact into law the Rental Housing Conversion and Sale Act of 1980, to introduce with seven sponsors the Moderately Priced New and Renovated Dwelling Unit Act of 1980, and to introduce and have enacted into law the Neighborhood Municipal Metered Off-Street Parking Facilities Act of 1979. While the laws, enacted and proposed, will not solve all the problems in their specific areas of concern, the housing laws will help to stabilize the housing market until better and more fair housing laws can be drafted and enacted. The neighborhood act will help to stabilize small community businesses and provide additional jobs for our citizens. I also held hearings on public education in D.C. and issued a report with major recommendations for change. One of the key proposals was that the mayor, the council and the school board create a task force to look into problem areas and make recommendations for action. Finally, my working with citizens through my consituent night and my constituent service have enabled me to assist people in solving problems and finding employment. Ward 2 Vote for One John A. Wilson, (D), 36, of 1545 18th St. NW is an incumbent council member who has served for 5 1/2 years representing Ward 2. Issue: Since Ward 2 has the highest number of households and greatest number of renters in the city, maintaining the availability and controlling the cost of rental housing are key issues. I have been successful in maintaining availability by placing strong controls on the conversion of rental units to condominiums, cooperatives and hotels and by keeping rent levels reasonable through effective rent control. Since the high cost of construction preludes many new rental housing starts in the private sector, and since there is little hope of local or federal government money for new rental housing, continued vigilance in maintaining our existing rental housing stock is crucial. Budget: While Congress can be faulted for some of our financial problems -- such as our billion dollar plus unfunded pension liability, an unpredictable federal payment and an inaability to levy a nonresident income tax -- the home rule government can be faulted for increasing taxes, and using taxing and accounting gimmicks to maintain and increase the top-heavy bureaucracy and many wasteful and inefficient programs inherited from Congress. Five and one half years of this aimless course have brought us to our taxing limit and a $409 million deficit. While it is important that we continue to fight for a formula federal payment, a "commuter" tax and full fiscal autonomy, our fiscal policy must reflect the realities of these limitations. We must immediately and decisively dispose of our existing deficit and begin no later than the FY'82 budget to live within our existing revenue authority and our taxing capability by cutting the top-heavy bureaucracy and by eliminating waste and inefficiency in government. The people of this city deserve a dollar's worth of services for each dollar's worth of taxes. Accomplishments: I am proud to have been able to give the people of Washington some of the strongest laws in this nation governing gun control, consumer protection, historic preservation and condominium, cooperative and hotel conversion. My legislative for a District government supplement to S.S.I. recipients is now providing 14,000 elderly, blind and disabled District residents additional monthly income, and nearly 70,000 single-family, condiminium and cooperative homeowners are enjoying the tax-saving benefits of a three tier property tax system I put in place.I will continue to direct much of my time and energy to bringing financial stability to the city and to improving the condition of our public housing. Ward 4 Vote for One Charlene Drew Jarvis, (D), 39, of 1789 Sycamore St. NW is a District of Columbia City Council member. She has represented Ward 4 since May 1979. Issue: There are three issues which are most important in Ward 4: affordable housing and displacement; the efficient delivery of services and accessibility of adequate health care services. In the area of housing, I have been vigilant in providing assistance for Ward 4 residents who want to stay in the District and in their homes. For example, there are several multiple dwellings which have housed families that have rented for many years. I have provided major assistance when these buildings were being sold and tenants wanted to buy rather than be displaced. I have also supported legislation that would benefit property owners who live on the premises by setting a graduated tax rate structure, the lowest rate of which applies only to owner-occupied property. Many Ward 4 residents have problems getting basic city services. The enormous amount of time consumed trying to identify the appropriate agency responsible for remedying certain conditions is a continual annoyance in trying to solve any problem, from cleaning alleys and streets to placing signs for residential parking. In the area of health care, Ward 4 has been deprived of the most comprehensive public health clinic in the city. i will continue to push for health services in Ward 4 and await the outcome of the Upshur Street Clinic case now in federal court. Budget: One straightforward reason for the budget crisis in the District of Columbia is that expenditures are exceeding revenues. The reasons for this deficit situation are complex. Fist, the District of Columbia government has a unique relationship with the federal government, a relationship that restricts revenue raising capability and forces a dependence on the federal system. In addition, at the time of home rule, the District of Columbia inherited an accumulated deficit and an ineffectual accounting system. When reelected I will support the rapid change from the present cash accounting system to an accrual-based accounting system which will provide for economic forecasting and fiscal planning. I will support the recommendation of a formula-based federal payment which would streamline the current system by providing for a predictable payment each year. I would modernize our debt collection procedures; levy for the use of District facilities by nonresidents and investigate the possibility of floating limited bonds to investors in the amount of the collectable outstanding tax and user liabilities, repayment coming from delinquent taxpayers and not from appropriate funds. Accomplishments: Part of my responsibility as a council member is to see that legislation which is passed by the council actually works in the community. Legislative accomplishments: chairmanship of the council's task force on the financial management system; sponsorship or co-sponsorship of reprogramming and grants control legislation; youth voter act; condominium control legislation. Community accomplishments: city hall meeting in each of 19 precincts; youth seminar on the legislative process; Ward 4 small business seminar; personal involvement in tenant conversions; bringing focus on critical need for health care services. When reelected, I will highlight the need for adequate health care facilities; I will continue to stress the need for sound fiscal policies; the need for adequate and affordable housing; the more efficient delivery of municipal services; and the need for expanded employment opportunities, particularly for young people. Ward 7 Vote for One Johnny Barnes, (D), 33, of 3014 V Pl. Se is a lawyer. He has worked as legislative counsel for the U.S. Congress for four years specializing in D.C. Affairs. He has served on the D.C. Human Rights Commission and the D.c. Residential Mortgage Investment Commission. Issue: The budget crisis covers all problem areas in our ward, housing is an important issue as well. We must expand homeownership opportunities to stabilize the spiraling costs of housing and we must insure that all residents have decent, safe, habitable housing. Through the new D.C. Housing Finance Agency, millions of new dollars will be available for home purchase assistance, rehabilitation and new construction. Public housing, more abundant in Ward 7 than in any other ward, must be well maintained. Budget: The city's budget crisis is due to the historical lack of control over the budget coupled with inefficiency in certain areas. Citizens can no longer tolerate cutbacks in programs and services, while taxes continue to rise. We must mount an agressive, affirmative action economic development program and improve government efficiency. Small business development is a priority to expand the tax base, avoid more new taxes, create jobs and avoid further cutbacks. We also need an adequate, predictable federal payment and removal of the restriction against a commuter tax. New money sources are the answer. If Elected: The incumbent is not seeking reelection. I pledge to do the following if elected: create a Ward 7 hot line to give and receive information and take complaints; to have an office in Ward 7; to circulate a periodic newsletter; to work to bring business and jobs to Ward 7 and the city; to work to provide decent, safe and sanitary housing for all residents and to expand ownership opportunities; to avoid new taxes on residents; to work to improve education; to avoid further cutbacks in programs and services; to work to improve public transportation and to support senior citizen programs. H. R. Crawford, (D), 42, of 3195 Westover Dr. SE is a housing management professional. He has served as chairman of the Anacostia Citizens and Merchants Assn. and as Assistant Secretary for Housing Management at the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Issue: I believe the most important issue in my ward is actually two, which cannot be separated: housing and jobs. With a deficiency of suitable jobs, housing suffers; and without adequate housing, jobs become less meaningful. I believe that the present administration and the Department of Housing and Community Development is highly creditable in its planning and is effecting positive programs. To help attack Ward 7 problems, I plan to advocate and promote a variety of programs keyed to upgrading existing deficient but restorable housing units, and replacing those units unsuitable for habitation. For example, programs that I initiated while Assistant Secretary for Housing Management at HUD, such as the Target Project Program and Housing Management Certification, will be adapted to fit the unique needs of Ward 7 to alleviate the chaotic public housing conditions. Budget: Since I am not "just a private citizen," I am not privy to all the information needed to make a realistic assessment of the current budget problems faced by the city. If elected, however, I will thoroughly examine past and present budget problems composition, with the view of incorporating strict business accounting procedures, both in revenue collection methods and expenditure control. Recognizing that at present, the District has limited autonomy and all budget considerations are influenced by decisions made at the federal Office of Management and Budget, and determined by action of Congress, my input will necessarily be constrained within those considerations. If Elected: The incumbent for Ward 7 is not running for reelection. If elected, however, I will provide innovative, imaginative leadership needed to insure the true representation of all citizens in Ward 7, and to facilitate correction of the physical deficiencies within our neighborhoods, as well as to promote and encourage a viable structured growth in our developing communities. Emily Y. Washington, (D), 36, of 3249 Massachusetts Ave. SE is an educator. Issue: There is an overwhelming need to stimulate economic development that will benefit the current residents of Ward 7. In order for individuals to have pride in their community and in themselves, there must be job opportunities. Light industry or small businesses locating or relocating in the ward can provide such job opportunities. Private and public construction of housing and rental units can be, at the same time, a source of jobs and a means by which all the citizens of the ward will have the chance to reside in decent, safe and affordble housing. Senior citizens must remain a viable segment of the community and their right to a domicile and gainful employment must be protected. At the other end of the spectrum the youths residing in the ward must have the opportunity to receive an adequate public education and there must exist an effective public jobs program for youths and young adults. In addition, recreation services and programs for all segments of the community need to be maintained at no less than present levels. Budget: Until the advent of limited home rule, the District was run like a federal agency. It is only as the District government is attempting to implement a new financial management system which reflects a municipal budgetary and accounting approach that long-existing problems have fully come to light. A significant portion of the city's present financial deficit represents a debt incurred by the federal government over the last ten years. It is therefore crucial that intense lobbying efforts be mounted to ensure that Congress repays the city for all presently existing debts that were federally incurred. A precise formula for determining the federal payment must be established. This formula must also provide for a just payment based on the extensive amount of federally-held land which is not locally taxable. With city expenditures exceeding revenues, new sources of revenues must be identified. Heretofore non-taxable entities such as not-for-profit organizations which are increasing in number throughout the city, cannot be exempt from paying for the myriad of public services which makes the District such an advantageous location. Excess government spending must be curtailed via the consolidation of District agencies providing similar services and tighter managerial controls must be exercised on expenditures other than for personnel. Finally, locally elected officials must be allowed to govern the city free from constraints imposed at the fedeal level. As long as the federal payment continues to be insufficient, and as long as Congress dictates in the District's annual appropriations legislation what will be and what will not be priority city services, local officials are realistically left in the position of only being able to propose solutions to the city's financial problems, and hope for congressional acquiescence, rather than having the authority to actively and independently address the problems that exist. If Elected: Even if the incumbent were seeking reelection, it is paramount that new and responsible representation be provided the citizens of Ward 7. While campaigning over the past months, I have learned that the citizens of the ward believe that the incumbent betrayed their confidence and their trust in a number of instances. This must not happen again. I am seeking the Ward 7 council set as the "People's Candidate." Once elected, I will owe no favors to business or other special interests, particularly those from outside the Ward 7 community, if not the District itself, which are supporting the candidates of both my opponents. I am committed to the positive growth of the Ward 7 community, and I am committed to working with the citizens of the ward and responding to their concerns. Ward 8 Vote for One Wilhelmina J. Rolark, (D), 63, of 524 Foxhall Pl. SE is an attorney and City Council member representing Ward 8. She has served as a board member of the D.C. Human Rights Commission and D.C. Labor Relations Board. Issue: The most important issue in my ward is decent, affordable housing. If elected, I plan to do the following things: work hard for the strongest possible rent control law; continue my present policy of assisting tenants in obtaining homeownership and aiding tenants organizations in whatever manner possible; use the facilities of the Department of Housing and Community Developement when problems arise concerning housing in my ward and insist when new developments come there be set aside of housing for low-and moderate-income people. Budget: There are several reasons for the budget crisis; the prior use of a cash basis of accounting by the D.C. goverment wherein deficits were carried from year to year. This was especially true when the city was under complete congressional control and treated as a federal agency; inadequate federal payment; very limited tax base and authority; control of agencies within a budget plan -- a question of management; and funding the pension system established by Congress without funding, and escalating Metro costs. As a solution to the problem, if elected, I will continue the use of oversight authority insofar as agencies are concerned; lobby for a more adequate federal payment; monitor the legislation that has passed concerning the fiscal authority of the reprogramming act and the funds accounting legislation; lobby for a commuter tax; investigate from a legislative perspective and examine taxing alternatives to broaden the tax base and cause the impact to be more equitably distributed. Accomplishments: During my current term, I count as most significant the passage of the following legislation introduced by me: D.C. Depository Act, pursuant to which the city raises millions of dollars annually; Prevention of the Administration of Lie Detector Procedures Act; amendments to the Minimum Apprenticeship Hours Act, which mandates apprenticeship programs on the D.C. government construction projects; amendments to the Unemployment Compensation Amendments Act, which made the unemployment trust fund solvent and avoided a federal surcharge tax on D.C. employers; prohibition of utility terminations to master-method apartment buildings act; affirmative action requirements for banks; and amendments to the D.C. Insurance Admendments Act and the Sightseeing Bus Registration Act, which together will raise more than $700,000 annually for the city. In the ward, I have worked hard and count as my most significant achievement the reversal of poor D.C. government service delivery to the citizens of Ward 8. I have placed a strong emphasis on constituent complaints of which my office has handled thousands; assisting tenants in accomplishments of homeownership and support of tenant organizations; set aside in new development of homes for low and moderate-income persons in Ward 8; commitment to employment of local residents by new developers; annual youth job sign up; improved transportation by implementation of Metro stops, establishment of new bus routes, upgrading bus services; annual Dr. Martin Luther King Day Parade; and, through budget process assured funding to minimize odor from Blue Plains. My top priorities if reelected are: a strong rent control law, legislation on economic development and job creation and an increase in the housing stock.