Miles Lanier Colean, 82, a consulting economist who played a key role in this country's housing and housing finance programs, dies of congestive heart failure Tuesday at his home in Washington.

He helped draft the legislation that created the Federal Housing Administration after coming to Washington in 1934 then served as its technical director and later as assistant administrator. The legislation was drafted by a housing advisory group that included Marriner Eccles and W. Averell Harriman.

Mr. Colean was responsible for the first national technical standards requiring builders to install proper ventilation, lighting and other features in homes financed by FHA.

He was chairman of the President's Task Force on Urban Renewal under President Nixon in 1969-70. While serving as an adviser to President Eisenhower in 1953, he published a book, "Renewing Our Cities," which coined the word "urban renewal," a term used in many programs aimed at revitalizing the nation's cities.

Mr. Colean was born in Peoria, Ill. He attended the University of Wisconsin and graduated as an architect from Columbia University.

He joined the Chicago architectural firm of Holabird and Root in 1922. He helped design the Palmer House, the Peacock Store and the Stevens Hotel, which later became the Conrad Hilton in Chicago.

Mr. Colean was director of a housing survey for the Twentieth Century Fund in 1940-42. He was a trustee of the Urban Land Institute from 1955 to 1964. He had been a trustee of the Federal City Council since 1954 and had played an important role in helping to establish the Metro transportation system in Washington.

Since 1945, Mr. Colean had served as a consulting economist to the Mortgage Bankers Association of America. There he worked on a series of newsletters and an evaluation of the Federal Land Bank System.

From 1956 to 1976, he was chairman of the board of Investors Central Management in New York.

Mr. Colean was the author of 11 books. He had participated in numerous government planning and housing panels.

He was a fellow of the American Institute of Architects, the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the American Statistics Society. He belonged to the Conference of Business Economists.

Mr. Colean was a vestryman and senior warden at St. John's Episcopal Church. He was a member of the Metropolitan, Chevy Chase and Cosmos clubs.

His wife, the former Marion Feltman, died in 1977.

He is survived by a daughter, Katherine etherington of Stamford, Conn., and Florida.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to a charity of one's choice.