Dr. Gilbert S. Batten, 71, an internist at Howard University who also conducted a private practice here for 30 years before his retirement earlier this year, died Tuesday at Howard University Hospital after a stroke.

Dr. Batten, who lived in Washington, was born in Whitakers, N.C. He came here after graduating from South Carolina State University. He began his career at Howard in the mid-1930s and did research in biochemistry at the College of Medicine until 1943. He also was a medical student at Howard during those years. He served in the Army from 1943 to 1946 and then returned to Howard, where he earned his medical degree in 1947.

In the same year, he became a clinical instructor in endocrinology at the Howard College of Medicine. In 1950, he established a private practice. In 1967, he transferred from Howard's medical school to its Health Service, where he was an internist until his retirement earlier this year. He closed his private practice at the time he left the university.

Dr. Batten was a member of the American Medical Association.

Survivors include his wife, Bernice S. Batten, and two sons, Gilbert S.

Jr. and Victor H., and a daughter, Cheryl B. Few, all of Washington; another son, Rodney S. of Hyattsville; another daughter, Audrey B. Ferguson of Takoma Park; two sisters, Harriet A. Hunter of Washington, and Beulah Allen of Emporia, Va., and six grandchildren.