Candidates for the City Council were asked: Budget: What should be done to alleviate the District's long-range budget crisis caused by the widening gap between expenditures and revenues? Please discuss any specific tax increases or service cuts you would support. Housing: What measures would you propose to ease the shortage of affordable rental housing in the District? Accomplishments: What has been the city council's major accomplishment in the past year and what has been its biggest failing? Quality of Life: In your opinion, is the quality of life for most District residents improving or worsening? And why? At-Large Vote for Two Charles I. Cassell, (Statehood), 56, of 201 Eye St. SW, is an architect. He was elected to the D.C. Board of Education and served from 1970 to 1974. Budget: There are scores of multi-million dollar corporations operating in Washington which pay little or no taxes. This is done by exploiting existing; unconscionable tax loopholes. There are also scores of non-religious, non-publicly oriented organizations that are tax-exempt. The city is prohibited by congressional legislation from collecting taxes from those who earn a livng here but do not contribute to the city's financial support.These are just a few of the normal ways for generating revenue, which are enjoyed by the states but denied to D.C. by the "Home Rule" statute. When we have become a state we can divest ourselves of these detrimental limitations and move toward financial solvency. Rental Housing: Based on its economic potential, each state determines how it shall produce the revenues necessary for the essential needs of its citizens. Housing is one of these essentials. When we, as a state, have the authority to make such determinations, the funds generated through the increased income identified in item No. 1, above, can be used to expand government subsidized housing and to assist those needing help in obtaining down payments for home purchase. Major Accomplishment and failing: In my view, the City Council's major achievement over the past four years has been the passage of legislation providing for "citizens initiative" which allows the voters, through their combined and organized initiative, to place measures on the ballot for consideration by the electorate. The "statehood initiative," which is on the ballot Nov. 4 is an example. I strongly support this democratic measure. If the electorate approves, the measure, which provides for commencement of the process toward statehood, becomes law. The Council's biggest failing, in my opinion, has been its failure to involve the Advisory Neighborhood Councils in the ongoing business of the Council. Quality of Life: The continuing decrease in citizen access to those essentials of life requiring purchasing power and the demeaning experience of having a disinterested and sometimes mean U.S. Congress deny them opportunities and benefits enjoyed throughout the 50 states, cannot help but worsen the quality of life for most Washingtonians. Joel Garner (Ind.) 33, of 5201 Sherier Pl. NW, is a research program manager with the Justice Department. He has been chairman of Advisory Neighborhood Commission 3D. Budget: The most effective way to balance the District's budget is to properly manage existing services and existing revenue sources. Taxes do not need to be raised; services do not need to be cut. What is needed are more full-time council members who will attend to administrative details like the water billing system, mismanaged programs and long-term budget items like the $100 million convention center. I oppose the 6 percent gasoline tax and the 80 percent increase in the water and sewer rates enacted by the council. I favor instituting a legal tax on unincorporated businesses, 100 percent assessments on commercial properties and a moratorium on unnecessary captial budget items. I favor additional support for the schools, the libraries and public recreation. Housing: The District has no housing policy. The current council adopts "emergency" resolutions which only create uncertainty for homeowners, tenants and landlords. As a member of the council I will oppose all efforts to transform the apartments of residents into hotel rooms for outsiders; endorse Bill 3-321 which stabilizes annual rent increases according to the official consumer price index, and strengthen the restrictions against condominium conversions, especially those protecting elderly residents. Accomplishments: The council's major accomplishment in the past year has been to discover the mess our government is in. Given the generally low level of attention paid by the incumbent council to managing our government, such a discovery must be seen as an important and positive step. The council's biggest failing has been its unwillingness to trust the voters and implement fully the provisions of the Initiative, Referendum and Recall Act. A council majority voted to deny the citizens the basic right to hold referenda on tax increases or major spending items. Quality of Life: For virtually all District residents, the quality of life has deteriorated. The council must shoulder a large part of the responsibility for higher taxes, for poorly delivered services, for rising unemployment, for rising crime, for the District's housing and land-use policies, for cutbacks in vital services, and for the lack of confidence residents have in the capacity of the council to manage our government. The District is a physically beautiful area, with resourceful citizens and a strong economic base. The problems we face are not inherent in our society; they are caused by the poor leadership we have received from the City Council and from the archaic and undemocratic form of government imposed upon us. On Nov. 4, we can change both by voting for Joel Garner for City Council and for the Statehood Constitutional Convention Initiative. Charlotte R. Holmes (Ind.), 53, of 1321 E St. NE, is a budget analyst. She has been an advisory neighborhood commissioner for four years and is a member of the H. Street Project Area Commission. Budget: A completely revised or revamped system of accounting should be the first act in establishing creditability within the District of Columbia system of budgetary execution. In order to reduce the gap between expenditures and revenues, a very hard look should be given towards additional investment credits in housing rehabilitation, business relocation and other income-producing efforts. Additional efforts should be made toward reducing wasted expenditures on social programs (i.e., provide funds only to those who truly need assistance), unnecessary consulting expenditures, etc. Income taxes are already higher than both adjoining states. Therefore, efforts should be made to reduce taxes and at the same time reduce all unnecessary expenditures. Housing: Through tax investment credits you can give builders and land developers opportunities to rebuild many of the torn-down locations with the District of Columbia. Due to inadequate housing, many D.C. residents over the past years have relocated to the surrounding suburban locations. A massive rebuilding effort possibly could draw many back into D.C. and retain those already here. Accomplishments: The District of Columbia has not had any major accomplishments during the past year as a direct result of very poor management. A major failing was the increased tax levied on gas, ultimately causing substantial damage to most of the District's gas station operations. In addition, the handling of the summer youth program was unforgivable since the kids were not paid on time and, in some cases, the kids are still due back pay. Quality of Life: The quality of life for most D.C. residents is worsening. This becomes evident by the highest tax rate of all local jurisdictions. Also, it is evidenced by the mass departure of D.C. residents to outlying suburban areas in Maryland and Virginia. According to the recently taken census, the District has lost thousands of people. This is the most accurate indicator of the worsening conditions within the District. Maurice Jackson (Ind.), 30, of 1673 Columbia Rd. NW, is a political activist and community organizer. He was a former legislative assistant in the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Budget: Close big-business tax loopholes that permitted 147 corporations here to pay no taxes to D.C. in 1976. Collect all corporate back taxes. Initiate a reciprocal income tax so that high-income people working in D.C. pay state taxes here. An estimated $230 million would be added to the city treasury this way. Win statehood. Tax all non-religious, non-educational organizations presently tax-exempt. Build a people's coalition to cut the Pentagon's $157-billion military budget and transfer those tax dollars to D.C. and other cities to fund social services and jobs. Fight for the passage of the Fauntroy-Dellums formula based Federal Payment Bill. No cutbacks of city services or jobs. Housing: Roll back rents to no more than 25 percent of one's income. Decrease homeowner's taxes and formulate a homeowners' tax that takes income into consideration. Make the condo bill permanent legislation. Outlaw the recycling of low- and moderate-income housing for the rich. No loss of housing to hotels. Lifetime tenancy for persons over 62 years of age. Place in the public domain all boarded-up buildings and properties landlords refuse to repair. Penalize landlords who discriminate on the basis of age, race, nationality, income or families with children. Accomplishments: Accomplishments: Passed bills prohibiting conversion of apartments to hotels; prohibiting discrimination against families with children in rental housing. Major Failures: Voted against at 9.1 percent pay raise for public workers while living expenses soar; voted to weaken the workers compensation law; did nothing to prevent the layoff of hundreds of public workers and little to prevent the closing of public clinics, recreation centers and other facilities; did nothing to change the tax structure wherein big-business tax loopholes would be closed and more of its multimillion dollar profits taxed; has not yet passed a stronger rent control measure advocate by the city's 70 percent tenant population. Quality of Life: Definitely worsening, because: the infant mortality tuberculosis and cancer rates are among the nation's highest, yet public clinics are closed and hospital costs soar; while the top 60 corporations in D.C. made over $2 billion last year, the average family income is less than $13,000 and for a black family only $9,000 (compared to $24,000 for a family in the metro area); youth unemployment is over 70 percent; it costs a family of four over $100 a week for groceries. Why? Because of the drive for maximum profits, the Board of Trade lobbies daily before a bending City Council and an anti D.C. Congress to protect and expand their interests at the expense of the people of D.C. Jerry A. Moore Jr. (R), 62, of 1612 Buchanan St. NW, is a pastor at 19th Street Baptist Church and has been a member of the D.C. City Council for 11 years. Budget: Largely precipitated by the transfer from a deficit spending budget to a zero-based budget, the present financial crisis requires accurate projective planning. The District must better its management of available resources; receive a federal payment commensurate with the services this city provides; maintain controls on the expeditures of departments and enforce adjustments to comply with budget levels; maintain speedy billing and collection procedures and develop and maintain a personnel level (both manpower and salaries) consistant with comparable cities with similar economic dynamics. I do not favor increased property taxes. All taxes must be kept at a level where business can thrive and people can live. We must provide for our citizens' needed services. Housing: An adequate housing supply must be provided by the private sector. Incentives must be given these private investors to make the construction of rental housing both feasible and profitable. There must be a marriage of government and the private sector. Rent control has proven to be very effective in keeping down the cost of rental housing. The District can ill afford a mass exodus of its remaining renters to the Accomplishments: The major accomplishment of the council has been its productivity and competence in handling legislation. To date, the council has acted upon 266 pieces of legislation which run the gamut of the interest of the citizens of the District of Columbia, from rent control to hazardous waste disposal. One of the greatest downfalls of the council was the enactment of the regressive 6 percent gasoline tax. The ramifications of the action are still being felt by both the consumer, the D.C. service station owners and the District of Columbia government. I opposed this legislation and have continued to fight for its repeal. Quality of Life: The quality of life for our citizens is improving. Times were much different than they were a short 10 years ago. The cost of living is highly inflated while the value of our monies is drastically deflated. These conditions burden us all. Unemployment figures indicated that the District is not recession proof. Our seniors and others on fixed incomes suffer because of escalating prices. In spite of these conditions, Washington continues to grow. There is still a rejuvenation and revitalization at work in our city. People continue their quest for a better life. Housing is being built, jobs are available for those with preparation, Washington is burgeoning with new construction. Our future is bright. John Ray (D), 37, of 1350 E St. NE, is an at-large council member. He is an attorney/advisor for the U.S. Department of Justice and counsel, U.S. Senate Antitrust and Monopoly Subcommittee. o Budget: The District's budget crisis can be alleviated by immediately stopping over spending and by establishing a long-range plan to deal with the cumulative deficit. First is a plan to deal with job training, unemployment, housing, quality public schools, reduction of the welfare rolls, economic development and controlled government spending. If we can make some solid inroads toward arresting these problems, we will be able to increase revenue, control taxes and improve the quality of life for all citizens. Second, we must have a sensible plan for reducing our government's work force, which is much too high, and a structure for reducing waste. Housing: It is not realistic to view housing in a vacuum, without considering the problems of job training, public education, economic development and unemployment. Housing and these areas are interconnected. For example, if there are not available jobs or if there are jobs but people do not possess the required skills, thereby allowing them to be gainfully employed, they will not be able to maintain a rented home. One key element to easing the shortage of affordable housing is the need to create conditions which will allow those who invest in rental property to make a reasonable profit. This may require various tax-incentive packages for those who are willing to build new rental property and certainly an update of the rules and regulations governing landlord/tenant rights and responsibilities. Accomplishment: The greatest accomplishment of the City Council during 1980 has been in efforts to have a greater voice in the spending and accounting of the city's funds, both appropriated and grant monies. Its biggest failing has been that of the District government in general -- the executive and legislative branches. We have failed to establish specific priorities for our city and a workable plan that will produce results. Quality of Life: It is my opinion that the quality of life has been worsening for most District residents -- those of the middle and lower incomes. The poor are suffering from the lack of adequate housing, the absence of job opportunities and unsatisfactory public schools. Because the public school system does not prepare our young people for either the job market or higher education, the cycle of poverty is perpetuated. Middle-income residents are carrying the burden of a disproportionate tax rate. They also are having problems obtaining affordable housing and a quality education for their children. Many are forced to pay for a private education, and to pay tax dollars for a public school system they believe would prove disasterous for their children. Glenn White (Socialist Workers Party), 26, of 230 Rhode Island Ave. NE, is a track laborer for the Metro-system. Budget: The solutions to the budget crisis of D.C. are not so complicated if we start from the premise of human needs before profits. The first thing that needs to be done is to make the 147 businesses and corporations of the city pay all their back taxes and eliminate all tax loopholes for the wealthy. Secondly, place a 100 percent tax on all incomes in excess of $50,000. And, thirdly, demand that the federal government live up to its commitment to D.C. residents. If Congress can give $1.5 billion to Chrysler, it has money for D.C. Housing: The best step to take to provide affordable housing for all is to eliminate condominium conversion altogether. Make it law that no person pay more than 10 percent of their income for rent and convert the $100 million being spent on the convention center to help subsidize rental housing. Accomplishments: As a track laborer for the Metro system and a member of ATU, local 689, I feel that City Council has accomplished nothing for working people and the poor of D.C. in the last year. What have they done -- laid us off, passed the Hardy Bill, put a 6 percent tax on gasoline and asked us to pay more taxes and receive less city services. In my opinion, City Council's allegiance is to the big banks, real estate speculators, Pepco and C&P. Quality of life: The quality of life for the majority of D.C. residents is worsening. As the Democratic and Republican politicians initiate a campaign to make working people pay for the economic crisis, the rich reap even greater profits. Working people and the poor need a labor party, built on the trade unions and controlled by working class organizations, not by Exxon or the Washington Board of Trade. A labor Party, independent of the Democrats and Republicans, can advance the interests of working people. Such a party could demand jobs, housing for all, better schools and more social services, because it would not be controlled by the wealthy corporations. Working people and the poor are the city's immense majority. If we organize ourselves collectively we can get rid of the privileged few who run our lives. We keep the country running. We should run the country. Ward 2 Vote for one Ann K. Marshall (R), 29, of 757 Delaware Ave., SW, is a writer and former administrative deputy to U.S. Sen. Richard C. Lugar, former mayor of Indianapolis. Budget: After a complete management and financial study to pinpoint the specific problem areas, I will work to streamline and consolidate the entire D.C. government structure. More taxes for the already over-burdened taxpayers are not the answer. More taxes will chase small business and middle-income people out of the city all the more rapidly. There needs to be a stimulation of the private sector to ease the District's economic stagnation. Taxes are not going to improve city services. Housing: I would propose the development of a program of tax incentives for new housing construction, especially multifamily dwellings. (This would provide jobs and housing for D.C. residents.) The only way to ease the shortage is to meet the demand of affordable rental housing -- which in turn will hold down the prices. The current rent control and high taxes certainly have not worked. Accomplishments: The only accomplishment is that the council members have not been recalled by the voters and cast out of office for the lousy job they have done. They have accomplished levying more and more taxes on everyone. And for what? Their high salaries paid by the taxpayers who are compelled to suffer. Quality of Life: Worsening! How interesting that the District's population has declined markedly in the past 10 years. Why? Because of the rapid increase of crime, taxes, inflation, a ridiculous housing situation, the deterioration of public safety due to drastic cutbacks in police and fire protection, and a "What-else-can-we-do?" attitude by the D.C. government. The council's biggest failing is its inability to come to grips with the dire need for common sense and economy in government. Economy means effectively providing all the necessary city services, not cutting them. John A. Wilson, (D), 36, of 1545 18th St. NW, has represented Ward 2 on the City Council for the past 5 1/2 years. Budget: I think the citizens of the District of Columbia would like to see the fiscal problems of this government dealt with as quickly and decisively as possible and would be willing to support the delicate balance of budget cuts and tax increases necessary to effectively retire our deficit and give us a budget that reflects the realities of our revenue raising limitations. As chair of the council's Committee on Finance and Revenue, I am presently in the process of closely examining additional sources of revenue, as well as possible budget cutbacks and have hopes that the city's FY '82 budget and revenue package will see us well on our way to solving our fiscal problems. Housing: Since the high cost of construction precludes many new rental housing starts in the private sector, with those few units being brought on the market priced well beyond the range of the majority of our renter population, and since there are no local government resources and minimal federal resources for new rental housing, maintaining our existing rental housing stock and controlling the cost of this stock are crucial. We have been successful to date in doing this by enactment of strong laws I introduced that control conversions of rental housing to condominiums, cooperatives, hotels and other transient uses and through strong rent and eviction controls. Accomplishments: With nearly 70 percent of the residents of the District maintaining their homes as renters, I think that the City Council's ability in the last year to protect the majority of these homes from succumbing to the national trend away from investment in rental housing -- a trend that has resulted in tremendous numbers of rental units in major cities throughout the country being converted to condominiums and cooperatives -- has been a significant accomplishment by the council on behalf of a large segment of the district's population. The District government's Comprehensive Merit Personnel Act, however, is daily proving to be one of the most ambiguous, unwieldy and inflexible pieces of legislation passed by this council. Since this law became effective in January of 1980, less than one year ago, the council has had to amend it on at least seven occasions to cope with situations running the gamut from residency requirements to pay raises. Many of these situations should have been anticipated and allowed for in the original process of drafting, committee mark-up and full council consideration. Quality of Life: While national problems such as higher interest rates, lower productivity, fewer investments, greater numbers of unemployed and a continuing increase in the cost of consumer commodities may tend to overshadow local initiatives, I think that 5 1/2 years of an elected city government is helping improve the quality of life for the majority of District residents. Most elected officials quickly learn that their actions must reflect the concerns of the populace. This 5 1/2 years of direct accountability has resulted in strong gun control, historic preservation and consumer protection laws; it has resulted in controls on the conversion of rental property to condominiums, cooperatives and hotels; it has resulted in a local subsidy to Supplemental Security Income recipients, property tax relief for residential homeowners, a strong human rights law, and a more responsible government generally. Ward 4 Vote for One Charlene Drew Jarvis (D) of 1789 Sycamore St. NW, has been a council member for Ward 4 since May 1, 1979.She was formerly a research scientist with the National Institute of Mental Health. Budget: The long-range budget crisis can only be solved by bringing expenditures in line with revenues. The council's annual review of the budget as submitted by the mayor is now in progress and is the vehicle by which this can be accomplished. For each agency of the D.C. government we are reviewing: agency organization and possible reorganization; a four-year financial summary of all resources available to the agency accompanied by an explanation of the programmatic plan for using these resources; a summary of non-appropriated and appropriated revenues for fiscal year '82 revenues; an explanation of all changes in personnel for fiscal '82, reductions, increases, transfers, etc. As a member of the council, I am looking closely at each agency and asking questions during these budget hearings about how we generate revenue, how we spend it, how we can eliminate duplication of services and operate in a more cost-efficient manner. I will make recommendations for budget changes on the basis of information gained from these budget hearings. Housing: The shortage of affordable rental housing in the District can be eased by making maximal use of Section 8 federally subsidized housing grants; moving quickly to issue bonds for housing development through the recently established Housing Finance Agency; encouraging private development of rental units by simplifying the administrative complexities of the current rent control law. Accomplishments: To characterize the legislative branch of government of this fine city in terms of failures and major accomplishments is to only see one part of this multifaceted body. The City Council's role and responsiblilities include oversight for every agency within the government, its programs, personnel practices and budget. It monitors these agencies through its seven standing committees. It promulgates legislation to improve the condition of life for those who live and work in the District. It maintains regular contact with the U.S. Congress to ensure an eventual smooth transition from the current quasi home-rule form of government to complete total self government. It responds to requests and concerns from the local citizenry. It handles emergencies when needed in a timely and thoughtful manner. Maintaining the fiscal health of this city has been an overwhelming concern this past year to which the council has responded and continues to respond in a professional and sensitive manner. Quality of life: District residents are constantly reaping the benefits of being in one of the greatest cities in the world. The city has a modern transporation system, many cultural and educational experiences, interesting job opportunities in the D.C. and federal governments and among private employers. I am a native Washingtonian and I have watched this city over the years become a grand place to live, an exciting place to live, and a challenging place to work. I like my town. But Washington is really two cities. A city of stable neighborhoods and high employment in which the quality of life is improving and a city of neighborhoods hit hard by unemployment and the absence of decent housing in which the quality of life is not improving. My challenge as a council member is to bring all of our collective resources together, public and private, to improve the quality of life for us all. Israel Lopez (R), 56, of 1550 Hemlock St. NW, is a self-employed business executive and consultant. He is a member of the Legal Aid Society, the Fourth District Police Advisory Council and other organizations. Budget: Get rid of most of the fat bureaucrats, political appointees and consultants. Eliminate funds for special commissions. Such commissions to exist as unpaid volunteer bodies, if at all. Elminate non-essential services. Eliminate the need for filing individual tax returns. Peg your tax to the city to a percentage of what you would pay Internal Revenue. This will save millions of dollars. Remaining employes will be free to work with various business taxes where millions of dollars are lost. $ audit programs and positions. Crime is costing millions of dollars.Strengthen our volunteer police reserve and reactivate police cadets. Bring industry with jobs for blue-collar workers and improve the schools so they can help the large population of poor people end their dependence on public welfare. We are paying some of the highest taxes anywhere. I propose to strengthen services such as eudcation and public safety. Housing: Our mayor and City Council are responsible for the worsening of the rental housing problem. They throw millions of dollars after programs that don't work. Let's stop playing politics. Being the largest landlords in this city they should know better. Work with the private sector, not against them. Give the thousands of unocuppied houses to the people for $1 so that they can repair and live in them. Leadership, not politics, will solve the rental problem. Accomplishments: I can't think of any great accomplishment by the City Council. This is the worst council that we ever had, especially our Ward 4 councilwoman and the chairman. They are elitists concerned with themselves and a few rich friends. They are only interested in the tinsel and parkle of their jobs. They lust for power while ignoring the problems of the people that they should be working for. The City Council with a staff of over 130 and over $3.5 million neglected to fill the most important position for a staff member to review the city budget. Quality of life: Our quality of life is worsening. We have lost faith in our elected officials. Crimes, drug addiction, curtailment of necessary services, schools, unfinished sidewalks, dirty alleys and streets, threats and lack of respect for our senior citizens, unemployement, taxes. The list is long. Ward 7 Vote for One H. R. Crawford, (D), 42, of 3195 Westover Dr. S.E, is a housing management executive. He has served more than 20 years in leadership positions with more than 25 community-based service groups. Budget: Obviously, expenditures must be constrained within budget limitations if the differntial is to be eliminated. I will certainly advocate eliminating duplication of services where this may exist, and I will also examine potential reduction in administrative costs before reducing any essential service. In addition, I will intensify the review of revenue sources. For example, a determination must be made of the impact of tax exemption properties currently used for revenue-producing purposes. Housing: I will aggressively pursue existing federal programs available to develop and upgrade low- and moderate-income housing, as well as seek new programs to involve the private sector. To help prevent futher erosion, I will advocate some form of housing maintenance education to assist tenants in perserving and improving their homes, whether owned or rented. Accomplishment: The council's major accomplishment is hard to identify, since many council actions have been commendable. I do not believe, however, that the council has always been sufficiently imaginative in introducing and following through on issues directly visable to their constituents, such as economic development and the commensurate job opportunities for city residents. Quality of Life: The overall quality of life for our citizens seems to me to be deteriorating. I cite high-cost housing conditions, making home ownership unaffordable to too many of our residents; increasing unemployment; and the recent upsurge in drug usage and crime, as three very obvious areas in which meaningful life styles are diminished, and that have a negative city-wide impact. Durand A. Ford, (Ind.), 39, of 201 Anacostia Rd. SE, is a business-consumer consultant. He has been an Advisory Neighborhood Commissioner and active in various community organizations. Budget: To alleviate the District's long-range budget crisis, I would first call for a four-year freeze on the mayor and City Council salaries. Secondly, I would ask District government employes to agree to take five days without pay (grades 11 and below) for a one-year period, however, receive full pay increases and promotions. Grades 12 and above, no pay increase nor promotions for the same one-year period. This I feel will help our relatives, friends and neighbors to retain their jobs without fear of a reduction in force because of the budget crisis. Thirdly, I would encourage economic development through tax incentives for new businesses (to include light industry) to build on non-revenue producing land and hire and train a percentage of their employes from the residents of the District. Fourthly, my low- and moderate-income home ownership plan will increase revenues through real estate taxes and decrease expenditures incurred by maintenance cost for public housing. Finally, more efficient fiscal management. I do not support any tax increases or service cuts. Housing: There is already in existence a number of subsidized rental housing units for low- and moderate-income families, however this arrangement alone is not sufficient, therefore I will additionally propose a different plan that will not only provide an affordable place to live but home ownership as well for low- and moderate-income D.C. resident. This plan will enable the residents of public and subsidized housing to qualify for low-income home ownership assistance. A percentage of the rent paid would go toward the purchase of a single-family dwelling in public housing. Moderate-income families will qualify for the subsidized housing and "set aside" vacated and boarded-up public housing through a similar plan. Accomplishments: I do not see any major accomplishments by the City Council in the past year. The City Council's biggest failing in the past year is the inability to come to grips with the budget crisis. Therefore, the suggestions made in question one should be seriously considered. Quality of Life: the quality of life for most District residents is worsening because of: high rate of unemployment; lack of affordable housing; increased gasoline taxes, which has caused the closing of some gasoline stations and the loss of jobs; increased utility taxes; inability of the City Council to come up with a more innovative plan for economic development. All of which has an even more devastating effect on senior citizens and others who are on fixed incomes. Maryland D. Kemp (Ind.), of 3340 Highwood Dr. SE, is a chemist. He is an Area Neighborhood Commissioner, chairman of ANC 7B, and president of the River Terrace Community Organization. Budget: Acquire better tax base by expansion of local businesses and small entrepreneurs. Encourage small businesses (electric repair shops, car repair shops, carpenter shops, etc.) by initial tax foregiveness for first five years; one-half for next five years, or such to assist in establishment. Resist additional taxes on existing businesses. Housing: The housing problem is national and is amenable only to national solutions. One approach locally is to allow renters in public housing with good upkeep and payment records over an extended period (5 to 10 years) to acquire equity towards the purchase of the dwelling -- equity to be partial rent rebate. Accomplishments: The City Council's major accomplishment has been its acquiring familiarity with the city budget and the budget operations. The major failure has been its noninvolvement in the retrenchment operation of the city government and the effects of the retrenchment on specific services and groups. Policemen fare well, schools and youth services fare poorly. Quality of Life: The quality of life for most city residents is worsening due partially to economic decline and inflation. An element on the quality of life is an expanding recreational program that provides for both young and senior citizens. Recreation should be nearby where they live. Programs exist only on drawing boards. John West (R), 47, of 237 57th Pl. NE, is a contractor and business executive who has been involved in many community activities. Budget: I would advocate a new approach. Instead of more tax money and greater expenditures, my approach would be toward a higher quality of performance and production. The D.C. government is now paying $3, $4 for service that could cost only $1.50, creating the so-called gap itself. Our government employes could be given a bonus of one-third of all the money that is saved by the employe doing his job better and faster, thereby performing and producing our way out of red. Housing: All wards have a certain amount of government affordable rental houses boarded up, and the District government's plans call for allowing these affordable rental houses to fall into ruin, so that public opinion will call for condemmation. Money has been appropriated, but the District government has said it will not use the money for repairs within a year. When elected, I will call for opening these houses up and providing the money that the District government is unjustly holding. This money can be released to any private contractor who makes repairs to the tenant's and the inspectors' satisfaction. Accomplishments: The City Council has made no accomplishment that will benefit the citizens of Washington. Laying off employes was not prudent and the council has failed to make ready for the future a healthy market for the merchant and the citizen. Quality of Life: No, the D.C. government is cutting services too close to the bone. The elected Democrats believe they can do anything they want to the voters as long as they are Democrats. They believe they can get away with layoffs, jacking gasoline taxes up, closing schools, not cleaning the wards, laying off teachers and policemen. If the voters would use the two-party system and elect a Republican one time, this would bring the City Council to its senses. My opinion is that John West is the best choice for the Democrats. We have watched our goverment go down and I believe I can do something to stop this erosion. Ward 8 Vote for One Wilhelmina J. Rolark (D), 63 of 524 Foxhall Pl. SE, is a lawyer and was elected to the City Council in November 1976. She is a member of the D.C. Human Rights Commission and the D.C. Labor Relations Board. Budget: There must be a continued use of the oversight authority in so far as agencies are concerned. This must be used to monitor agencies' performances during the year as well as at budget time; a close monitoring of the newly enacted Reprogramming and Funds Control Acts to track and determine judicious use of our funds; lobby for more adequate federal payment. I would investigate from a legislatie perspective and examine taxing alternatives to broaden the tax base and cause the impact to be more equitably distributed. Housing: I support the enactment of a strong rent control law by the council. I have cosponsored the Rental Housing Act of 1980 which has just been introduced. I am in favor of the enactment of a rent subsidy program with reasonable standards in order to assist persons with the greatest need for such supplements.

Accomplishments: One of the most significant accomplishments of the council is the enactment of D.C. Law 3-94, Prohibition of Electric and Gas Utility Services Terminations to Master-Metered Apartment Buildings Act of 1980. Life has been normalized for thousands of people throughout the city whose way of life was interrupted or threatened by punitive eectric or gas shut offs prior to this law. The biggest failure of the City Council has been its inability to formulate a good mechanism to effectively lobby Congress for a bigger federal payment. Quality of Life: In my opinion, the quality of life for most District residents is improving. The people are engaging in participatory democracy to a greater extent than ever before. I observe this from City Council hearings, town meetings, community briefings and citizen's lobbies. They help shape the quality of their lives. Kellis Sylvester, (Ind.), of 3700 9 th St. SE, did not respond to The Washington Post questionnaire. Leon F. Parks, (R), of 3224 Wheeler Rd. SE, did not respond to The Washington Post questionnaire. Leona Redmond, (ind.), of 4301 Halley Terrace SE, did not respond to The Washington Post questionnaire.