Candidates for the Senate and House of Representatives were asked: Inflation: What specific policies would you favor to strengthen the economy, reduce inflation and create new jobs? Military Strength: What is your view of the nation's military strength? What specific programs do you advocate? What specific programs do you oppose? Abortion: On the abortion question, do you favor making federal money available to indigent women? Or would you support an amendment banning all abortions, except to save the life of the mother? Local Benefits: What federal actions do you think would be of the greatest local benefit to your state or district? 8th District Vote for One Michael Darr Barnes, (D), 37 of 9814 Summit Ave., Kensington, is a member of Congress and an attorney. He served on the Public Service Commission and was vice chairman of the Washington Metropolitan Area Transit Commission. Inflation: A tough national energy program to produce more energy, reduce dependence on foreign sources. Includes national utility-rate reform, as I have introduced in Congress; development of synthetic fuels under environmentally-safe conditions and renewable energy sources like solar, wind, geothermal receiving greater federal support.Make the U.S. government sole importer of oil, to reduce multinational oil company and OPEC power. Pass targeted tax reductions to increase productivity and reduce inequities in the tax structure, not the inflationary Kemp-Roth tax cut. Repeal the "marriage penalty" tax. Accelerate depreciation as in Capital Cost Recovery Act and other proposals geared to specific needs of individual industries. Reduce taxes on interest on savings accounts to generate business growth and encourage savings to finance mortgage lending. Eliminate the foreign oil tax credit. Balance the federal budget, as I voted three times to do this year. Pass hospital-cost-containment legislation to hold down rising medical costs. Enact regulatory reform to simplify government processes while assuring continued consumer protection. Implement tax-indexing to stop ravages of "taxflation" pushing people into higher tax brackets. Military Strength: The military capability of the United States is not adequate to meet all potential challenges. I voted for increased pay and benefits to attract and retain high-quality personnel (Nunn-Warner proposal); support movement of rapid deployment force to the Middle East, which I discussed with that region's leaders this year; support improved naval capability for increased mobility and deterrence. I voted for all defense authorization and appropriations bills, against across-the-board defense funding cuts. I judge individual spending requests on their merits. I oppose standby draft registration and the B-1 bomber. Abortion: I support the Supreme Court's decision on abortion. I favor making federal Medicaid funds available to indigent women. I oppose a constitutional amendment banning abortions. Local Benefits: Completion of Metro system with assured federal support; prompt action on House-passed proposal for study of Metro extension to Germantown and Clarksburg; increased incentives for construction and maintenance of rental housing; guarantee continued solvency of Social Security for future generations; assure compensation and benefits as promised to active and retired federal civilian and military personnel; strict enforcement of federal air- and water-quality standards; reauthorization and funding of strong Clean Air Act programs expiring in the next Congress; provide greater safety at and cut back flights to National Airport to reduce destructive noise pollution; eliminate disparity in utility rates in the metropolitan area. Newton I. Steers Jr. (R), 63, of 6601 River Rd., Bethesda, is a financial consultant. He is chairman of the U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Maryland Advisory Committee and was a member of Congress and a state senator. Inflation: Bring federal spending under control. Trim ineffective public jobs programs. Eliminate environmentally dangerous and wasteful public-works projects and unnecessary agricultural subsidies (sugar and tobacco in particular). Eliminate end-of-year federal contracts for which there is no need. Make cuts in non-defense areas until the economy is reinvigorated to the point where we can afford higher spending -- progress at a pace we can afford. Arrest and reverse the current decline in productivity by eliminating unnecessary and overly severe regulations. Reduce dependence on overseas oil imports. Encourage development and use of mass transit systems. Develop renewable energy sources: solar, wind, biomass, hydrogen and others. Remove institutional barriers to development of cogeneration. Increase coal production (with adequate reclamation), including development of synthetic fuel from coal and from shale oil, tar sands and biological sources. Build storage sites for nuclear wastes that will meet regional as well as national concerns. Substantial reform of our tax system to encourage saving over spending and investment over consumption (e.g., cut tax on first $1,000 of dividends and interest). Military Strength: Our defense capability has been trending down. We must attain parity. I favor more money for retention of middle-level personnel and better maintenance. I prefer submarine-launched ballistic missiles over the MX system. I oppose a peacetime draft and mandatory combat assignments for women, but support registration for both men and women. Abortion: I support access to legal abortions for poor women (Medicaid funding) and oppose a constitutional amendment on this subject. Local Benefits: I will try to change the new Carter Civil Service patronage system so as to emphasize merit and provide greater protection to whistle-blowers. Reduce flight traffic at National Airport. improve transportation between Dulles and Washington, exploring possibility of extending Metro to Dulles. Encourage utilization of new rail link between B.W.I. and Washington. Enforce 600-mile-origin limit on direct flights coming into National. Protect the shores of the Potomac River from commercialization. Study further extension of Metro, including cross-country bus and Metro systems. Reexamine impact aid and study feasibility of payment in lieu of taxes. Encourage development of solutions to regional sewage-disposal problems. Urge coordinated growth policy among county, state and federal officials to insure quality of life in Montgomery County, particularly in areas where population and local commerce are declining. 6th District Vote for One Raymond E. Beck, (R), 41, of 189 East Main St., Westminister, is an attorney and a member of the House of Delegates since 1972. He was House Minority Whip from 1975-78, then elected as House Minority Leader. Inflation: I support the Kemp-Roth three-year 30 percent income-tax-cut proposal which reduces the tax burden, thereby limiting government spending, and indexes tax rates to protect people from "the tax-bracket creep" caused by inflation. The average family of four making $20,000 per year pays $5,400 in federal taxes alone and is in a 27 percent bracket, rates once reserved for millionaires. I strongly favor exempting $1,000 of interest and dividend income to encourage saving and investment which stimulates the private sector of our economy. In addition, I support Capital Cost Recovery which replaces federal depreciation standards with shorter depreciation periods for buildings, equipment and vehicles, allowing business greater use of its capital to stimulate greater production, which will re-charge the private sector of our economy and create real jobs and upward mobility among our skilled and unskilled workers. Military strength: This nation's military strength has been declining for several years to the point where it now ranks second to the U.S.S.R. I support a buildup of our military might to include missile capacity as well as conventional weaponry and troop strength. I oppose the ratification of SALT II, as it gives an already-superior U.S.S.R. a decided edge in military might. I believe the best assurance for peace lies in being adequately armed, rather than disarmament. Abortion: I support an amendment to prohibit federal money for abortions for indigent women, except in cases where it is necessary to save the mother's life and in pregnancies resulting from rape or incest.
Local Benefits: Federal action to promote coal and synfuel development as alternatives to oil dependency would greatly benefit the coal-rich 6th District. Additionally beneficial to the 6th District would be the passage of the Kemp Urban Jobs and Enterprize Zone Act, a package of business tax breaks aimed at encouraging job creation and stimulating labor-intensive business expansion in urban and rural areas designated as having high poverty and unemployment rates. Beverly B. Byron, (D), 48, of 306 Grove Blvd, Frederick, is a member of Congress. She is active in civil groups, is chairman of the Maryland Commission on Physical Fitness and is on the Board of Associates of Hood College. Inflation: I have co-sponsored the Capital Cost Recovery Act to accelerate depreciation schedules and thereby stimulate investment, increase productivity and create jobs.I have also co-sponsored several bills, which have become law, to give greater incentives for savings. To reduce inflation, I have supported efforts to restore fiscal responsibility in federal spending. I have also worked on behalf of reducing the burden of excessive federal regulations. There regulations reduce productivity, consumer expensive capital, hamper the efforts of U.S. industry to compete in world markets, lessen job opportunities and contribute to higher prices and inflation by adding to the cost of doing business. Military Strength: Our current military strength is not adequate. As a member of the subcommittee on military compensation, I have pushed for higher levels of military pay in order to attract and retain the high quality of personnel we need in the armed services. I have supported higher levels of military spending for a wide variety of weapons systems and I have authored several successful amendments to bolster the U.S. inventory of key weapons. For example, I have offered amendments to begin production of an enchanced and more economical version of the a-10 aircraft, which is manufactured in Hagerstown, and an amendment to continue the procurement of important weapons needed to counter the increasing threat to our shipping lanes from Soviet submarines. It is essential that our defense dollars be spent wisely. I have therefore opposed the new CX cargo plane and other weapons systems that I feel would not be cost-effective. Abortion: I oppose using taxpayers' money for abortions. I have not supported any of the constitutional amendment to prohibit abortion that are pending in the House Judiciary Committee. Local Benefits: Completing the National Freeway between Hancock and Cumberland. The final federal approval has recently been secured and I will continue to work for completion of this important highway link between the port of Baltimore and western Maryland and the Ohio Valley. Expanded production of the A-10 airccraft manufactured by Fairchild Industries in Hagerstown. This plant employs approximately 2,500 people and has an annual payroll of $40 million. Adopting national policies that encourage the greater mining and use of western Maryland coal. 5th District Vote for One Kevin R. Igoe, (R), 30, of 6247 67th Ct., Riverdale, is a public administrator. Inflation: We should first limit spending to percentage of the Gross National Product and cut marginal tax rates by 10 percent for three consecutive years. Income-tax brackets should alo be indexed to the rate of inflation. This policy is not based on numbers and equations that do not add up. It's based on an understanding of what motivates people. We should be encouraging people to work hard, to save money, to invest and to be productive. Instead, we are punishing those very things by taxing them to excess. We should also provide special tax incentives for companies locating in and hiring unemployment, as provided by the Urban Enterprise Zone Act. Military Strength: I favor Selective Service registration and classification, also a tuition-assistance-type program to encourage quality young people in our colleges and universities to join the military. The B-52 is a Korean-War-era aircraft. It should be replaced with the B-1 bomber. The rapid-deployment force is a shell game, containing a few thousand paratroopers, with a mixed command structure entangled in the military bureaucracy. If we ever have to use it, we would not resupply the force, because Congress voted against the CX Cargo Plane. I oppose the race-track development system for the MX missile. Abortion: I would vote to allow federal funds to be used for abortion only when the pregnancy results from rape or incest, or when the life of the mother is endangered, as certified by two physicians. I do not support a constitutional amendment banning all abortions. Local Benefits: An aggressive member of Congress who understands America's defense needs could get more defense spending in Prince George's County and Takoma Park. Out of five local Congressional districts, we rank fifth in the amount of defense spending in the district. An effective member of Congress could restore federal impact aid to education, which is costing the Prince George's County school system $8 million since it was eliminated from the federal budget. I believe the federal government should also participate in completing the Metro system and expanding it to Bowie. Gladys Noon Spellman, (D), 62, of 9004 Golden Pass, Laurel, is a member of Congress. She served on the Prince George's County Council and as chairman of the Prince George's County Board of Commissioners. Inflation: Three issues are intertwined. Reducing inflation can be accomplished by reducing our reliance on foreign oil (through conservation, increased domestic exploration and development of long-term alternatives such as solar and geothermal energy); by reducing the effect of government regulation on business (through Congressional veto of agency rules, requiring program goals to be listed in authorization to encourage oversight, "sunsetting" programs to automatically terminate unless specifically reauthorized); by controlling federal spending and balancing the budget. The strengthened economy resulting from reduced inflation and from an increased emphasis on productivity (through accelerated depreciation allowances, an offset of the Jan. 1, 1981 increase in Social Security taxes for both the employer and the employe and elimination o tax disincentives to savings and investment) will mean more jobs. Additional actions to create more jobs should be focused on the private sector -- through tax incentives, an expansion of the Positive Assistance Demonstration Program, the creation of a foreign-trade zone in Bowie and a general improvement of our trade posture. Military Strength: Attracting and retaining skilled young people is the key to maintaining our military posture. Salaries and benefits should be improved to make the military attractive as a career. Recent Congressional action, which included an 11.7 percent pay raise, should be considered a first step. I oppose reviving the program of the B-1 bomber, a flying turkey which would utilize the technology of the 1960s to fight the wars of the 1990s. I favor development of the MX missile, but alternatives should be considered to the proposed linear-basing mode, which raises serious environmental, economic and strategic questions. Greater emphasis should be placed on our conventional forces and on maintaining our sophisticated equipment. Abortion: I support federal funding of abortion in cases where it is necessary to save the life of the woman, in cases of rape and incest or to save the permanent health of the woman. I would not support a constitutional amendment. Local Benefits: Retention of impact aid payments; passage of revenue-sharing authorization; creation of incentives for affordable mortgage-interest rates to stimulate the housing industry and make ownership of homes by young people possible; greater federal support for the Metro system; require government to pay its bills to contractors on time; targeted tax cuts to encourage increased productivity, especially in the labor-intensive small-business sector; creation of a foreign-trade zone; passage of my revenue bond bill; requiring that agency moves be justified in both economic and human terms.