Cmdr. James Calvin Bond, 40, an officer in the Navy Medical Corps who was stationed in the Washington area for 14 years, died Monday at the Naval Hospital in Oakland, Calif., of cardio-pulmonary arrest.

Cmdr. Bond was born in Hamlin, Tex. He graduated from Lewis & Clark College in Portland, Ore., and enlisted in the Navy Reserves in 1961. He was commissioned the same year.

He was a medical research chemist at the Naval Hospital in Chelsea, Md., and then became head of the toxicology branch at the Naval Medical School in Bethesda from 1966 to 1968. For the next three years, he was a student at Georgetown University, where he earned a doctorate in pharmacology. He was a research pharmacologist in the experimental medicine division of the Naval Medical Research Institute in Bethesda from 1971 to 1974.

From 1974 to 1978, Cmdr. Bond was program coordinator for fleet health care systems at the Naval Medical Research and Development Command, also in Bethesda. He was an assistant professor and administrative assistant in the department of surgery and research coordination at the Uniformed Services University of Health Sciences in Bethesda from 1978 to 1980.

Since last April, he had been commanding officer of the Naval Bioscience Laboratory in Oakland, Calif.

Cmdr. Bond's decorations included the Joint Service Commendation Medal, with a Gold Star in lieu of a second award.

His marriage to Barbara Bond ended in divorce.

Survivors include two children, James Robert Bond and Deborah Lee Bond, both of Olney, his parents, Mr. and Mrs. Willie Thomas Bond of Portland, Ore., and a brother and a sister.