Alice A. Adanalian, 79, a retired official of the Central Intelligence Agency who was active in church, civic and professional organizations, died Tuesday in Georgetown University Hospital after a heart attack.

Miss Adanalian was a specialist on Africa and the Middle East with the CIA for 15 years before retiring in 1967. She was a recipient of the agency's Distinguished Service Award.

She was a member of the Middle East Institute, the African Studies Association and the U.S.-China Peoples Friendship Association of Washington. She also belonged to the League of Women Voters and the American Personnel and Guidance Association.

She was a member of the General Board of Missions of the Methodist Church and of Foundry Methodist Church in Washington, where she served on the administrative board and belonged to its Women's Guild.

Miss Adanalian was born in Turkey to Armenian parents. She came to this country and was reared in the New York City area. After graduating from Northwestern University, she worked for a time as a vocational guidance counselor on an Indian reservation in Wisconsin.

During the mid-1940s, she worked with the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration in Egypt, Italy, and Austria.

She earned a master's degree in education at Columbia University, was a graduate of the National War College, and did graduate work in international studies at Johns Hopkins University in Washington.

Miss Adanalian had lived in Washington since 1952. She leaves no immediate survivors.