C. Franklin Fielden, 61, who retired earlier this year as the chief management officer of Psychiatric Institutes of America, which operates a chain of private psychiatric hospitals in the United States, died at George Washington University Hospital Monday following a heart attack.

Mr. Fielden, who lived in McLean, was a health care administrator for all of his working life. In the course of his career, he was a hospital administrator in Gulfport, Miss.; Amarillo Tex., and Colorado Springs, Colo. He was vice president of Medical Facilities Inc. of Nashville, consultants on hospital design, and president of Medical Management Systems of Memphis, managers of hospitals.

In 1976, he moved to the Washington area to join Psychiatric Institutes of America. Since his retirement, he had been a consultant on hospital management.

Mr. Fielden was born in Knoxville, Tenn., and graduated from the University of Tennessee. While serving in the Army in World War II, he earned a master's degree from the Harvard Business School.

He was the author of numerous papers in the field of health administration. His professional memberships included the International Hospital Federation, the Institute of Hospital Aministrators, and the Royal Society of Health. He also was a member of the D.C. Rotary Club.

Survivors include his wife, Georgia Freeman Fielden of McLean, a son, C. Franklin III of Colorado Springs, and a daughter, Landis Michaux Fielden of McLean.