What are people in Maryland looking forward to in 1981? What are they planning for New Year's Eve and New Year's Day? Washington Post Staff Writers Kathryn Tolbert and Leon Wynter asked public officials and folks on the street about their views of 1981. Hogan

Prince George's County Executive Lawrence J. Hogan does not usually celebrate the passing of one year to the next. "For the last seven years I haven't even been up at midnight," he said. But Hogan felt that the passing of the presidency from Democratic to Republican hands bodes well for the country.

"I think 1980 was a pretty good year, except for the national economy. But we had the good fortune to elect Mr. Reagan. I expect it (the economy) to get better by May or June," he said. Hogan said he makes New Year's resolutions. This year he has resolved to lose 20 pounds and to encourage his chief administrative officer, Ken Duncan, to do the same. 'Auld Lang Syne'

Linda Hultman spends her days tending her infant son and the family laundromat. New Year's is a time, she said, to watch the Guy Lombardo band play its traditional New Year rendition of Auld Lang Syne, resolve to be nicer to her customers, and hope for the return of the hostages. She's only 21 and already some of her traditions are no longer possible. Guy Lombardo, for one, is gone. But, she said, "won't they still have the ball dropping (in New York's Times Square)? We'll watch that." 'Party'

Thirty-year-old policeman Norman Walker of Hyattsville sums up New Year's in a word he may well be wishing today he never heard: "PARTY." This holiday season Walker has developed a sudden taste for cognac. "I was drinking Chivas Regal, then there was a news article that said it gave stomach cancer," he said. "So I stopped it right quick." Today is the family day -- and perhaps recuperative day -- for Walker. "I usually go to my mother's house." Smaller Parties

Hurrying back to work after a lunch hour shopping break recently, Michelle Miller, 26, of Silver Spring, was not sanguine about the coming year, although she could not say why. "I don't think it will necessarily be any better," she said, and observed that the new year was starting out with smaller parties as well as smaller pocketbooks. Taxing Matters

"This is the first New Year's I haven't had to get up and work the next morning," said Del. Tim Maloney (D-21). The 24-year-old Beltsville lawmaker was elected to the legislature in 1979. Since his college days he has worked on New Year's Day counting the opening day take at Laurel Race Course, but this year he is focusing on his own finances.

He starts the year by dating about 10 checks with "1981" and begins work on his taxes. "It's not that I'm driven, I just want to get that check back soon," he said. 'Going to Be Sad'

Store detective Leonard Ward, 65, reads the signs for 1981 in the increase in shoplifting he noticed this past Christmas season. "People aren't realizing it now but the scarcity of money in the beginning of this year is going to be sad," he said. For him personally, well, "Nothing intrigues me enough, nothing seems different. Everyone sings and shouts and dances, that's all it amounts to." Calling Mom

Edrenia G. Middleton, 30, of Seat Pleasant, remembers the New Year's of her childhood by the crack of a rifle shot. "When I was with my parents my father would always shoot blank cartridges into the air. It would be the only time we (kids) would get wine, Manischewitz." Now, no matter where or how she celebrates New Year's "I try to get sober for a few seconds and call my mother." Her resolution-"Just to make it from one month to the next, to buy groceries. Just to stay even, or come out a teeny bit ahead." Brotherhood

Sen. Tommie Broadwater Jr., who is also a successful businessman, plans to open a supermarket near Sherrif Road in 1981.For himself, he says, competeing with a nearby Giant Food store will be tough competition. For other people, just buying groceries in 1981 could be a lot tougher.

"I frankly think it's going to be rough for the poor people. Those who do not have will suffer more, those who have will do well," he said.

"I just think that people should stop thinking of themselves and look out for those who are less fortunate.And wish that the racism in this county and state and country in brotherhood and in peace. I would appreciate that." 'Come Out Well'

Prince George's County school board chairman Jo Ann Bell is beginning 1981 by cleaning up after a house full of young men and women last night, friends of her two eldest sons. Part of the clean up job will be the residue for 25 pounds of meatballs prepared for the party.

Then she will face negotiations for a new teachers' contract, the school budget and a plan to close 44 schools. There will be much controversy and clamor, but Bell believes that the school system will survive.

"I think one of the things that 1980 has proved to me is that we really have superb people in our system whose bottom line is what's best for our children. There is no doubt in my mind that we are going to go through this and come out well," she said. Forgettable

For Prince George's County Council member Sue V. Mills, 1980 was a most forgettable year. "I don't think anything particularly spectacular happened in 1980," said the popular Oxon Hill politician. "Oh wait a minute, I went to Hawaii," she remembered.

Mills, who began her political career on the school board in 1973 and was elected to the county council in 1978, looks forward to a big decision in 1981: whether to run for county executive or state office in 1982. Today, to ensure her good luck in 1981, she will eat "raw hamburger, with a little raw onion and Worcester sauce-mmmmm good," she said. It's an old German custom she learned from her mother.