Dr. Hugh Osgood House, 77, a retired ear, nose and throat physician and a specialist in allergies, died Wednesday at his home in Washington. He had arteriosclerosis.

He retired in 1972 after practicing medicine for 42 years. He had maintained offices in the old Columbia Medical Building in the 1800 block of I Street NW.

Dr. House also had served for 25 years on the Board of Police and Fire Surgeons in Washington, retiring from that position in 1970. He had been a founder of the allergy clinic at the old Episcopal Ear, Nose and Throat Hospital and later was chairman of the allergy clinic at the Washington Hospital Center when Episcopal Hospital was merged into that facility.

He was born in Peru, Neb., and moved to College Park with his family as a teen-ager. He graduated from the University of Maryland in 1924 and from George Washington University Medical School four years later. He took graduate work in his specialties at Johns Hopkins University and interned at George Washington University Hospital.

Dr. House was a diplomate of the College of Otorhinolaryngology and a member of the D.C. and Southern Medical societies and the American Medical Association. He had served on the board of the Metropolitan Police Boys Club.He belonged to the Congressional Country Club.

He is survived by his wife of 39 years, the former Mary Aiello, of Washington; a son, Dr. Homer C., of Baltimore; a daughter, Toni House Wilson of Chevy Chase; a brother, retired Air Force Col. Arthur B., of Alexandria, and four grandchildren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Metropolitan Police Boys and Girls Club.