Meyer Edelman, 77, a retired Washington businessman who was active in Jewish affairs and in the Masons, died Saturday at the Washington Hospital Center. He had a heart ailment.

A native of Baltimore, Mr. Edelman moved to Washington in 1925 and established the Edelman Furniture Co. here. Ten years later, he founded the Edelman Moving and Storage Co., also in Washington. He operated both concerns until 1970, when he sold the businesses and became manager of the B&O Discount Outlet in Landover. He retired in 1977.

Mr. Edelman, who lived in Silver Spring, was chosen "Man of the Year" by the Beth Sholom Congregation and Talmud Torah here in 1973. He had served on the congregation's board of directors for 30 years. He was a former vice president of the synagogue and was serving as its treasurer at the time of his death. He also was active in the Kaufmann Camp for Boys and Girls in Clavert County, Md., and in the Hebrew Sheltering Society in Silver Spring.

He served as secretary-treasurer of the National Cemetery Association for the past 20 years and was a member of the Benjamin Franklin Masonic Lodge.

Survivors include his wife, Ida, and a daughter, Abbye Sheltzer, both of Silver Spring; two other daughters, Shirley Silver of Perth Amboy, N.J., and Rosalie Waldman of Rockville; a sister, Dora Goldgeier of Baltimore; a brother, Joseph of New York City, five grandchildren and a great-grandson.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Beth Shalom Congregation and Talmud Torah.