Dr. Aaron S. Schwartzman, 81, a Washington physician for the past 50 years who also was an author, translator, and farmer, died of cancer Feb. 3 at the Washington Hospital Center.

Dr. Schwartzman was born on a farm near Kiev in the Ukraine. He came to this country in 1924, settling in Washington where he attended George Washington University and graudated from its medical school in 1930.

While attending college and medical school, he supported himself by translating medical journals and Russian novels into English. In addition to English, he knew Russian, Ukrainian, Polish, Czech, German and French.

He practiced family medicine in Anacostia for more than 45 years before moving his office to 16th Street NW a few years ago. He was the author of a book on cardiology for laymen and had translated three volumes on chemotherapy from German.

Over the years Dr. Schwartzman, in addition to writing and practicing medicine, also farmed. He raised cattle and horses on his farm near Rockville for more than 30 years before selling it in the mid-1960s. He then ran a similar farm near Charlottesville, Va., for 10 years. He lived in Washington.

He was a member of the George Washington Univeristy Medical Society, the Society of Internal Medicine, and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Survivors include his wife, Beatrice H. of Washington; three sons, Everett H. of Torrance, Calif., Dr. Robert J. of San Antonio, Tex., and Dr. John of Evanston, Ill., two brothers, Dr. Marcus of Washington, and Dr. Johanan of Israel; two sisters, also of Israel, and five grandchildren.