Isaac Don Levine, 89, a former newspaperman and a writer and commentator who specialized on the Soviet Union and communism, died of a heart attack Sunday at the Venice Hospital in Venice, Fla. He had been hospitalized for minor surgery.

Mr. Levine and his wife, the former Ruth Newman, were spending the winter at Englewood, Fla. Since 1952, the Levines' principal residence had been Waldorf, Md., where they bought a tobacco farm in 1952.

A native of Russia, Mr. Levine moved to the United States in 1911 and settled in Kansas City, Mo. In 1914, he earned a high school diploma there. He began his newspaper career on The Kansas City Star and in 1917 became the foreign editor of The New York Herald Tribune. From 1919 to 1921, he was a foreign correspondent with The Chicago Daily News. He spent the next two years working for the Hearst newspapers.

Mr. Levine was a newspaper correspondent in Russia at the time of the revolution there. He also visited the country in the early 1920s and again in the early 1960s.

In 1917, he published "The Russian Revolution." Two years later, he published "Resurrected Nations." In 1924, he wrote "Man Lenin" and in 1931 he published "Stalin" and "The Road to Oblivion." In 1964, he published "I Rediscover Russia."

Mr. Levine's other books included "Red Smoke" (1932), "Mitchell, Pioneer of Air Power" (1943), a biography of Gen. "Billy" Mitchell, "Stalin's Great Secret" (1956) and an autobiography, "Eyewitness to History."

Mr. Levine also contributed to numerous magazines and translated a number of works and memoirs from Russian to English. He was the editor of Plain Talk, a magazine, from 1946 to 1950 and the European director of "Radio Free Europe" in Munich from 1951 to 1952. He was an honorary member of the staff and faculty of the Army Command and General Staff College at Fort Leavenworth, Kan.

In addition to his wife, whom he married in 1936, survivors include a son, Robert D., of Washington, by an earlier marriage to the former Mary Leavitt, which ended in divorce, and three grandchildren.