The Fairfax County Board of Supervisors has turned down a controversial application by McDonald's to build a fast-food restaurant on Rolling Road just across the street from Saratoga Shopping Center.

The application for a special exception, opposed by residents in three nearby subdivisions, was defeated Monday 4-0, with Supervisor Thomas M. Davis III (R-Mason) abstaining.

Zoning attorney William H. Hansbarger, who represented McDonald's, said he believed this is the first time the supervisors have rejected an application to build one of the company's restaurants.

Residents in the three subdivisions as well as the county planning commission, which urged rejection of the application last month, contended that a fast-food restaurant at that site would cause traffic and litter problems. Although the citizens and McDonald's had tried to work out a compromise for a new location, Hansbarger said none of the sites suggested by the citizens was feasible from McDonald's point of view.

The proposed location, at Rolling Road and Fullerton Street, is bounded by a 7-Eleven store in an industrial park and is in a zoning category that would permit a fast-food restaurant through special exception.

In other action Monday, the supervisors deferred a decision for three weeks on a rezoning application that would permit construction of a 21-story, 439-room Sheraton motel and conference center on Rte. 7 at the Dulles Airport highway exit, west of Tysons Corner.