Victor H. Ghent, 62, a surveyor and land engineer in Northern Virginia since 1946 who was active in professional and service organizations, died Saturday at Fairfax Hospital. He lived in Annandale.

Mr. Ghent, who was born in Baltimore, graduated from Baltimore Polytechnic Insitutute, attended Johns Hopkins University and took further courses from the International Correspondence School. After World War II service in the Army Corps of Engineers, he settled in Alexandria and began a private practice as a surveyor and land engineer. At the time of his death, his firm was McLaughlin-Ghent Associates.

In the late 1940s, Mr. Ghent helped organize the Virginia Society of Professional Engineers. In 1949, he helped found the Virginia Association of Surveyors and later was its president. In 1952, he was a founder of that organization's Mount Vernon Chapter and its first president. He also was a member of the board of the American Congress on Surveying and Mapping and for 18 years was the secretary of its Land Surveys Division. He was a member of the Northern Virginia Builders Association. d

Mr. Ghent also was a charter member and past president of the Annandale Lions Club and a charter member of the Fairfax County Chamber of Commerce and the Fairfax Hospital Association.

Survivors include his wife, Barbara, of Annandale; two sons, Blair H., of Woodbridge, and Charles L., of Annandale; two daughters, Diane Tribby of Ashburn, Va., and Patricia Bristol of Gainesville, Va.; two stepsons, Roy Commer III of Hampton, Va., and Samuel Steven Comer of annandale; one stepdaughter, Mari Gagne of Annandale; one brother, Ross Ghent of Adelphi, Md., and seven grandchildren.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the American Cancer Society.