Barbara Jean Oakley Raney, 41, director of the women's division of the University of the District of Columbia's division of student affairs, died Thursday at Howard County General Hospital in Columbia. She had sickle cell anemia.

Mrs. Raney came to Washington in 1963, and spent two years as an administrative assistant at the Agriculture Department's Graduate School. In 1965 she joined the staff of Spingarn Senior High School where she was a teacher and chairman in the business education department, and distributive education coordinator before moving to Minnesota in 1970.

She spent the next five years at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis where she worked in the educational psychology department, was group leader in the University's human relations workshop, and worked on a doctoral degree in counseling psychology.

Mrs. Raney also had been a counseling psychology intern at the Pilot City Health Center in Minneapolis during this time.

She returned to this area in 1975 when she joined the staff of the old Federal City College. She was its director of student activites before that institution's merger into the new UDC. She had been director of UDC's women's program since 1980.

Mrs. Raney was a native of Oxford, N.C., and a resident of Columbia, Md. She was a 1962 graduate of North Carolina Agriculture and Technical University in Greensboro where she earned a bachelor's degree in business education.

She was a member of the American Personnel and Guidance Association, the Black Psychological Association, the National Education Association, and the Maryland chapter of the National Council of Negro Women.

Her marriage to Thomas F. Raney ended in divorce.

Mrs. Raney's survivors include a daughter, Tawana D'Vonne, of Columbia; her parents, James L. and Mamie P. Oakley of Oxford, N.C.; a sister, Annette O. Watson of Raleigh, N.C., and a brother, James L. Oakley Jr. of Oxford.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to the Center for Sickle Cell Disease at Howard University.$130Picture, Barbara J. Raney.