Glauber Rocha, 42, a film director who was a member of the Brazilian "Cinema Novo" and three-time winner at the Cannes Film Festival, died Saturday in a hospital here of bronchial pneumonia and a lung infection.
Mr. Rocha flew to Rio Friday after spending more than two weeks in a hospital in Lisbon. He was taken directly to a hospital in an ambulance.
Mr. Rocha was born in the small northern town of Santa Ana da Conquista. He became involved in cinema in his early 20s. He was one of the main forces behind the "Cinema Novo" (New Cinema) movement of the early 1960s -- the golden age of Brazilian film-making -- when a group of young directors overturned accepted style and content standards.
His first major film, "God and the Devil in the Land of the Sun," caused a stir with its innovative camera work and expressive portrayal of bandits and poverty in Brazil's underdeveloped Northeast.
He won best director awards at Cannes for "The Dragon of Evil Against the Holy Warrior" and "Land in Anguish," and a special prize for a documentary on a painter.
Critics considered him Brazil's top director of the 1960s. But in recent years he was considered eccentric and his work polemical. The film maker had bitter arguments at last year's Venice Film Festival with critics who panned his last film, "The Age of the Earth," a sweeping mural that featured four Christ figures -- a black, an Indian, a military officer and a rebel.
In one of his last interviews, Mr. Rocha said he was a "poor, alone and sick" artist.
He had been married three times and had five children.