Daniel Matthew Braum, 85, a retired employe development official with the Department of Agriculture, died of respiratory failure Monday at the Potomac Valley nursing home in Rockville. He had lived at Potomac Valley since having a stroke last December.

Mr. Braum, who was born near Denison, Kan., served in the Army in World War I, then graduated from Kansas State Agricultural College. He joined Agriculture in 1924 and worked in Kansas and Texas before being transferred to Washington in 1940. He was assigned to the department's personnel office and was a personnel officer in the Commodity Stabilization Service when he retired in 1966.

From 1952 to 1955, Mr. Braum was on the faculty of the University of Michigan as the director of In-Service training with the Philippine Institute of Public Administration. In 1957, he was in Indonesia with the Agency for International Development.

Mr. Braum was a past president of the D.C. chapter of the Society for the Advancement of Management and a recipient of its Gilbreth Medal.

A resident of Rossmoor Leisure World in Silver Spring since 1966, Mr. Braum was active in the Kiwanis, the Fossils, the Camera Club, the Men's Prayer Breakfast and the affairs of the Rossmoor Inter-Faith Chapel.

Survivors include his wife, the former Roberta Myers of Rossmoor; a son, J. Edwin of Salina, Kan.; four daughters, Marian Arledge of McLean, Wava Skaggs of Savage, Md., Doris Anderson of Hutchinson, Kan., and Elsie Braum of Windsor, Colo.; two brothers, Howard of Colorado Springs, Colo., and Delber of Denison; a sister, Maryalice of Holton, Kan.; 16 grandchildren, and 18 great-grandchildren.