Abraham Tempchin, 80, a retired Washington butcher and meat store proprietor who had been an area resident since 1920, died Friday in the Fairland nursing home in Silver Spring after a stroke. He had lived in the nursing home for the last five years.

He owned and operated the old Tempkin's Kosher Meat Market, near 14th Randolph Streets NW, for more than 40 years before closing the store in 1966. Mr. Tempchin also was a butcherat the old Silbert's Kosher Meat Market in Washington before retiring in 1976.

Mr. Tempchin was a member of the Ohev Sholom Synagogue in Washington. He was a member of the Samuel Gompers Masonic Lodge, the Scottish Rite, and Almas Temple.

He was born in Russia and came to this country in 1906. He lived in New York City before coming to Washington. His wife of 50 years, Sarah Tempchin, died in 1975.

Mr. Tempchin's survivors include two sons, Ivan, of Silver Spring, and Leonard, of Columbia; a daughter, Florence Bowers of Columbia; three sisters, Lil Munitz of Washington, Esther Hirsch of Silver Spring, and Shirley Bass of Vista, Calif; three brothers, Alex, of Miami Beach, and William and Michael, both of Silver Spring, and 10 grandchildren.