Virginia Goshorn Greenfield, 60, a retired federal employe who was active in volunteer, civic and political organizations in Damascus, Md., died Wednesday at Fairfax Hospital after surgery for a heart ailment. She lived in Germantown.

She worked for the government from about 1940 to 1950, spending her last four years as a clerk with the old Civil Service Commission's loyalty review board.

Mrs. Greenfield was president of the Herbert Hoover Republican Women's Club of Damascus from the 1972 to 1974 and a member of the Montgomery County Federation of Republican Women.

She was a past president of the Cedar Grove Parent-Teachers Association and a member of the Damascus auxiliary of Montgomery General Hospital. She was a charter member and a former regent of the Pleasant Plains of Damascus chapter of the Daughters of the American Revolution and a Maryland state chairman of the Children of the American Revolution.

Mrs. Greenfield was a native of Piedmont, W.Va., and came to Washington about 1930. She lived in Silver Spring before moving to Germantown in 1960.

Her marriage to Carl Pergler ended in divorce.

Mrs. Greenfield's survivors include her husband, retired Navy Capt. Raymond E. Greenfield of Damascus; a son by her first marriage, Carl E. Pergler of Silver Spring; a daughter by her second marriage, Diana Gail Tristano of Silver Spring; three sisters, Alzene G. LaBall, Marion G. Herring and Betty L. Hendren, all of Florida, and two grandchildren.