Evelyn Hague Blume, 70, a retired Navy nurse who was active in social and political organizations, died of cancer Tuesday at her home in Silver Spring.

Mrs. Blume was a member of the Capital Wives Speakers Club, the Woman's National Democratic Club and the Welcome to Washington Club. She was a member of St. Patrick's Catholic Church in Norbeck.

She was born in Texas and reared there and in Arkansas. She received her nurse's training in Arkansas and was a registered nurse in Arkansas and California before joining the Navy Nurse Corps in 1939.

Mrs. Blume was stationed at Pearl Harbor when it was attacked by Japan in 1941. Later in World War II, she served at Navy facilities in this country. She retired from active duty in 1945 but remained in the Reserves until 1972, when she retired with the rank of commander.

She lived in California before moving to College Park in 1949. She and her husband, James M. Blume, lived in New Delhi from 1953 to 1954 while he was on assignment with the State Department. They then returned here.

In addition to her husband, of Silver Spring, Mrs. Blume's survivors include six sisters, Roberta Henderson of Palestine, Tex., Modean Ledbetter of Shreveport, La., Juanita Wells of Brainerd, Minn., Eugenia Miller of Glen Dale, W. Va., Dolly Ray of Alief, Tex., and Charline Hykel of Grapeland, Tex.