William L. Frost, 53, a retired Navy commander who had been an area resident since the mid-1960s, died of congestive heart failure Friday at the Bethesda Naval Hospital. He lived in Springfield.

Cmdr. Frost was a native of Stoneham, Mass. He was a 1951 graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy and a 1957 graduate of the Navy postgraduate school. During his years in the Navy, he flew planes in patrol squadrons in Newfoundland and was an electronics projects officer in submarine warfare projects.

He was the commanding officer of Operation Deep Freeze's wintering over detachment in Antarctica in 1970. He also served tours with the Naval Air Systems Command and the Center for Naval Analyses here before retiring from active duty in 1973.

From 1973 to 1978, he was a civilian naval warfare analyst with the Operations Research Corp. in Silver Spring. Since that time, he owned and operated the Jaclande art galleries in Springfield and Potomac.

Cmdr. Frost's survivors include his wife, Yolande, of Springfield; four sons, Michael L., of Hampton, Va., William P., of Burke, and Richard D. and Ronald N., both of Springfield; five daughters, Linda Y. Frost of Dallas, Danielle Freese of Dumfries, Laurie A. Frost of Charlottesville, and Sandra Kilday and Julie O. Frost, both of Springfield; his mother, Dorothy S. Frost, a brother, Robert H., and a sister, Margaret E. Frost, all of Roanoke, and five grandchildren.