John A. C. Andrews, 66, a retired Air Force colonel and a research associate at the Historical Evaluation and Research Organization, died of cancer Tuesday at the Malcolm Grow Medical Center at Andrews Air Force Base.

Col. Andrews, who lived in Fairfax, was born in Chungking, China, where his parents were missionaries. He grew up in China and Philadelphia. He was graduated from Davidson College in Davidson, N.C., and was commissioned in the Army through the Reserve Officers Training Corps.

When the United States entered World War II, he was called to active duty and became a fighter pilot in the Air Army Forces. He was shot down in Europe and taken a prisoner-of-war.

After the war, Col. Andrews transferred to the Air Force and served at various military posts in this country and in Japan and Germany. He earned a master's degree in history from the University of Maryland while serving here. He was stationed at Scott Air Force Base in Illinois when he retired in 1967 and moved to this area.

His military decorations included the Distinguished Flying Cross, four Air Medals and the French Croix de Guerre.

Col. Andrews joined the Historical Evaluation and Research Organization in Dunn Loring, Va., in 1967 and remained with it until his death. He was a coauthor of "The Almanac of World Military Power" and other books.

He was a member of the Army Navy Country Club in Arlington and the Maryland Capital Yacht Club in Annapolis.

His marrige to Susan Andrews ended in divorce.

Survivors include a son, Peter, of Fairfax; two sisters, Dr. J. Edith Andrews of Philadelphia and Henrietta Andrews of Guatemala, and a brother, the Rev. Egbert Andrews of Quarryville, Pa.

The family suggests that expressions of sympathy be in the form of contributions to Davidson College, Davidson, N.C., or to the American Cancer Society.