American Jewish groups have registered strong protests with the Polish government following reports of anti-Semitic actions and attacks in the Polish media.

In a message to Gen. Wojciech Jaruzelski, head of Poland's martial law government, the American Jewish Committee and B'nai B'rith International called for "immediate public rejection of irresponsible and dangerous anti-Semitic actions."

The American Jewish leaders said material appearing in the Polish media includes "ugly charges against Jews so reminiscent of the scapegoating tactics of the Hitler period."

A delegation of representatives from the two Jewish organizations was initially rebuffed in efforts to meet officials at the Polish embassy here just before Christmas. But, after negotiations, the group succeeded in meeting with the embassy's first secretary, Bronislaw Stawinski, and his press counselor.

The Jewish leaders gave Polish officials a statement calling on "the present Polish government to state unequivocally that anti-Semitism is unacceptable behavior no matter what its origin."

Rabbi Alexander M. Schindler, president of the Union of American Hebrew Congregations, also cabled Jaruzelski to protest the arrest of the last surviving leader of the 1943 Warsaw ghetto uprising, Dr. Marak Edelman, now a leading cardiologist in Warsaw. Schindler charged the government with "using anti-Semitism in an attempt to whip up public support for its repression of the Solidarity movement."

According to reports reaching Jewish organizations in this country, stories in Polish media have blamed Jews for misleading the Polish people by subverting Solidarity and have blamed the country's grave economic troubles on Jews.

According to the American Jewish Committee's European representative, Nives Fox, refugees from Poland have brought pamphlets charging that Jews are buying up food to sell in the black market. Fox also quoted refugee reports of anti-Semitic posters in Warsaw and other cities.

Polish radio carried an hour-long interview Dec. 15 with a Prof. Kossecki, described as a political scientist, who charged that Jews in Poland had taken control of 80 percent of Polish industry and had misled leaders of the Roman Catholic Church and the Communist Party, Jewish leaders here said.

The Jewish community in Poland, which once numbered about 3 million, is now estimated at about 6,000. Poland's population is about 36 million.