Dr. Irving Fischer, 61, an area optometrist for nearly 30 years before retiring in 1980, died Friday in a hospital in Boynton Beach, Fla. He had a heart ailment.

A native of New York City, he maintained homes in Silver Spring and in Delray Beach, Fla.

Dr. Fischer came to this area in 1951 and established an eye practice in Washington a year later. He later joined Montgomery Ward and established the company's optical department in its Wheaton Plaza store. He worked for the department store company until retiring in 1980.

His professional memberships included the Maryland Optometric Association and the National Eye Research Foundation.

A member of Beth Tikva Synagogue in Rockville, Dr. Fischer belonged to B'nai B'rith, the Jewish War Veterans, and the Samuel Gompers Masonic Lodge.

He attended the City College of New York and was a summa cum laude graduate of the Northern Illinois School of Optometry in Chicago.

Survivors include his wife, the former Ann Silverman, whom he married in 1942, of Delray Beach and Silver Spring; a son, Harvey Joel Fischer of Annapolis; a daughter, Pamela Joy Aspland of Silver Spring; a brother, Nathan, and a sister, Sylvia Zolotor, both of New York City; and one grandchild.