Bill Crawford, 68, a prize-winning editorial cartoonist whose work was syndicated to more than 700 newspapers by the Newspaper Enterprise Association, died of pneumonia Wednesday at George Washington University Hospital. He had Alzheimer's disease.

Mr. Crawford began his career on the Newark (N.J.) Evening News in 1940 and remained with that newspaper until 1962, when he joined NEA as its chief editorial cartoonist. He retired about 1977 for reasons of health. His cartoons often were reprinted in Time, Newsweek and other national magazines.

He was a former president of the National Cartoonist Society and a recipient of its Silver T-Square award and four awards from the society for editorial cartoons. He also was a member of the Association of American Editorial Cartoonists.

William H. Crawford was born in Hammond, Ind., and grew up in Philadelphia and Cleveland. He graduated with a degree in fine arts from Ohio State University, where he was art editor of The Sundial, the university humor magazine.

In addition to drawing cartoons, Mr. Crawford taught drawing at Rutgers University and illustrated 23 books. He lived in Atlantic Highlands, N.J., and in Washington.

His marriage to the former Peggy Bell ended in divorce.

Survivors include his wife, Claire Olita, of Washington and Atlantic Highlands, N.J.; two children by his first marriage, Judge Dale A. Crawford of Columbus, Ohio, and Catharine Gilbert of Pacific Palisades, Calif., and five grandchildren.