Only six states, five of them predominantly rural, will be harder hit than the District of Columbia by cuts in the 1982 federal budget, according to a new study by the Public Employe Department of the AFL-CIO.

Aid flowing from the U.S. Treasury for all existing government-assisted programs will be cut an average of $107.01 for every District resident, 35 percent above the national average of $79.96, according to the newly released study.

Maryland will lose $89.19 for each resident, 12 percent above the national average, and Virginia will lose $67.74 per capita, 15 percent below the national figure.

In dollar figures, the union group calculated the District's loss at $69 million, Maryland's at $377 million and Virginia's at $363 million.

Only one heavily urbanized state, New York, faces a loss greater than the District's. Its $1.9 billion cut in aid averages $107.81 per resident. Other losing states that top the District on a per-capita basis are North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Wyoming and Alaska--the latter with an average per person reduction of $228.86.

The smallest loser, by contrast, is Texas, with $56.86 per resident.

The AFL-CIO said its study was based on the budget reconciliation passed by Congress in July and did not reflect more recent cuts made in the continuing appropriations resolution adopted last month.

Baltimore will greet the former presidential yacht Sequoia today and will give it a berth until springtime.

The Sequoia, which served eight presidents from Herbert Hoover to Gerald R. Ford, was sold as an economy move by Jimmy Carter. It was rescued after being found decaying in Florida by Michael Doud Gill, who had sailed on the yacht on the Potomac as a guest of his uncle, president Dwight D. Eisenhower.

Gill set up a foundation to repair and refurbish the craft.

If all goes well, the Sequoia will steam under her own power this morning from Annapolis to Baltimore, where she will be escorted into the Inner Harbor by the city fireboat and will be tied up at noon for the winter, next to the historic frigate Constellation. There the yacht will be visible until spring, but visitors will not be allowed aboard.

Virginia Gov.-elect Charles S. Robb was scheduled to return yesterday from an overnight hunting trip to the Eastern Shore. Among his companions was House Speaker A.L. Philpott (D-Bassett). They stayed overnight at the home of an unidentified Robb supporter.

Yesterday we reported that Lt. Gov.-elect Richard Davis would occupy a spacious new office in Richmond along with a staff of four. Now it turns out to be five. As announced yesterday, they are: Eva Teig of Portsmouth, executive assistant; Robert Watson of Mechanicsville, administrative assistant and press spokesman; Carolyn Carter of Richmond, executive secretary; Nancy Sneade of Colonial Heights, appointments secretary, and Rosann Peck of Richmond, legislative secretary.

The crackdown on drunken drivers in Prince George's County announced last month has shown results, according to County Executive Lawrence J. Hogan. Arrests totaled 82 last month, an increase of 25 percent from the 61 for December 1980. And there were no holiday fatalities on county roads. Hogan said he has told the county police to continue their campaign.

D.C. City Council member H.R. Crawford (D-Ward 7) says he is unhappy with at least two parts of Mayor Marion Barry's proposed 1983 budget.

Crawford said he will oppose the mayor's proposal for a 34 percent increase in water and sewer rates that would be exorbitant, he asserted, on top of an 81 percent increase in the past three years. "Until meter-reading and billing problems are corrected," Crawford said, "the citizens . . . should not be required to endure an additional financial burden . . . "

The first-term council member also criticized the mayor's drastically reduced municipal construction program, asserting it would further short-change his already neglected ward east of the Anacostia River.

After 12 years as executive editor of the morning Richmond Times-Dispatch and the afternoon Richmond News Leader, John F. Leard has retired at the age of 65. He was succeeded by Alf Goodykoontz, former Times-Dispatch managing editor.

A native of Boston, Leard joined the News Leader in 1939 and had been with the papers since, except for two brief interruptions and World War II military service.