Dr. Edith Vowinkel Weigert, 87, a retired psychiatrist and a former faculty chairman of the Washington School of Psychiatry, died of cardiac arrest Tuesday at the Bethesda Retirement and Nursing Center. She lived in Chevy Chase before moving to the nursing home last year.

Dr. Weigert, who was born in Dusseldorf, Germany, earned a medical degree at the University of Berlin in 1922. From 1930 until 1934, she was on the staff of the Sanitorium Tegel in Berlin. With the rise of Hitler in 1933, she and her family moved to Turkey.

She came to this country in 1938 and settled in Baltimore. She joined the staff of the Sheppard and Enoch Pratt Hospital in Towson, Md. She moved to Chevy Chase in 1939.

In addition to conducting a private practice, she was a training analyst at the Washington Psychoanalytic Training Institute until her retirement last year. She was a founder of the Washington School of Psychiatry in the late 1930s.

Dr. Weigert was a board member of the William Alanson White Psychiatric Foundation in Washington and a former president of the Washington Psychoanalytic Society.

In 1970, Yale University Press published "The Courage to Love," a collection of her writings and lectures.

Her husband, Dr. Oscar Weigert, died in 1968.

Survivors include a son, Dr. Wolfgang Weigert of Washington, and two grandchildren.